A Water Project Proposal from the Maragoli Area Community Development Foundation

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A WATER PROJECT PROPOSAL FROM THE MARAGOLI AREA COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION PROJECT TITLE: Lusiola (LEW-SHOR-AH) Environmental Group Water and Sanitation Project LOCATION: Kenya, Western Province, Vihiga District, Vihiga Division, Mungoma Location, Lusiola Sub-Location, Vigedze (VEE-GAY-ZA) Village SUMMARY OF PROPOSAL: The Lusiola Environmental Group seeks funding for improvements in water quality in Vigedze Village through the installation of rainwater harvesting (RWH) systems, the protection of 11 community springs, and improvements to latrines. SPECIFIC PROJECT OBJECTIVES: 1) Installation of rainwater harvesting systems (Ksh 200,750; US$2808) 2) Protection of 11 springs (Ksh. 591,200; US$8211) 3) Improvements of latrines (Ksh 139,200; US$1,933) Ksh = Kenyan Shilling ESTIMATED TOTAL COST OF PROJECTS: Ksh. 889,950 (US$12,228) CONTACT PERSONS: Joyce Adisa Bunyoli, Project Coordinator Maragoli Community Development Foundation P. O. Box 40 Vihiga, Kenya Mr. Caleb Ongodi Amadi, Chair Lusiola Environmental Committee P.O. Box 398 Vihiga, Kenya

General Background: Lusiola sub-location is located in the Vihiga District of the Western Province of Kenya, just northeast of Lake Victoria. Situated near the equator, the area is classified as sub-humid tropics, with an average temperature of 24 degrees Celsius. The landscape is comprised of intensely farmed 1-3 acre plots of land, nestled among undulating hills and valleys, and interspersed by a network of small streams. The Maragoli area receives enough rainfall (1800mm) via the “long rains” (March to June) and “short rains” (September to December) to support a variety of subsistence (maize, bananas, beans, cassava, kale) and cash crops (tea, coffee), as well as livestock (cattle, goats, chickens). Remittances from kin who work in the cities are also a major source of income for community members. According to the 1999 Population Census, the Vihiga District has one of the highest population growth rates in Kenya (3.3%); the average fertility rate is

5.1 children per woman, and 59% of the population is under 20 years of age. With up to 1200 persons per square kilometer, this region is one of the most densely populated rural areas in the world. Culturally, the large majority of community members belong to Kenya’s second largest ethnic group, the Luyha. Kin ties are still reckoned through patrilineal descent groups (the clan and lineage), and brides typically move to the homestead of the groom’s family upon marriage. About 10% of marriages are polygamous. Because many men have gone to Nairobi or other cities in search of work, there is a high percentage (roughly 40%) of female-headed households. During the era of British colonialism, the Maragoli area was heavily missionized, and small Christian churches are now a defining feature of most villages. Free primary schooling is offered for 8 years, but roughly half of all children cannot afford to go to secondary school. Nevertheless, most young people are trilingual, speaking not only their native tongue (Kimaragoli) but also the lingua franca of East Africa (Kiswahili), as well as English, which is the medium of instruction in schools. The rapid pace of change over the past century has produced many challenges in the community. The poverty rate (set by the Kenyan government as living below $1 a day) stands at approximately 60%, and the mortality rate for children under the age of five is approximately 100/1000. Malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS have hit this area hard. For example, approximately 20% of children enrolled at Vigedze Primary School have lost one or both parents to AIDS. Blood sampling conducted in a nearby village showed that 43% had malaria parasites and that over 80% of the children were anemic. The demand for firewood for fuel has led to deforestation and problems with erosion. Because of soil depletion (primarily deficiencies in nitrogen and phosphorus), agricultural outputs do not meet their potential. A few...
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