MUSIC – UNIT II
Lesson 1- Music of the Romantic Period
A. Vocal Forms
* Recitative and Aria
B. Instrumental Form
* Chamber Music
Lesson 2- The Composers of the Romantic Period
1. Franz Peter Schubert (1797-1828) – turned poems into music. He is the father of German Lieder. 2. Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) – a German composer, pianist and conductor. 3. Frederic Chopin (1810-1849) – is the creator of romantic melody. He is the poet of the piano. 4. Franz Joseph Liszt (1811-1886) – was a proponent of the tone poem or symphonic poem where a given theme is transformed into other themes. 5. Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) – is an Italian operatic composer. 6. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) - best known for his symphonies and ballet score. ARTS – UNIT II
Lesson 1- The Media and Processes of Art
The Art of Drawing
Drawing- is the process of moving an instrument over a smooth surface to leave a mark, called a line. In drawing, line is the most important element of art. The Uses of Drawing:
* Planning Projects
* Developing Perceptual Skills
* Making a finished artwork
Drawing Media- the most popular drawing media are graphite pencils, colored pencils, crayons, colored markers, pens, pastels and chalk. Shading Techniques:
Shading- is the use of light and shadow to give a feeling of depth. * Hatching- is drawing a series of thin lines all running parallel, or in the same direction. * Crosshatching- is drawing lines the crisscross each other. * Blending- is smoothly drawing dark values little by little pressing harder on the drawing medium. * Stippling- is creating dark values by using a dot pattern The Art of Painting
Painting- is the process of applying color to a surface using tools such as a brush, a painting knife, a roller, or even your fingers. Ingredients of Paint:
1. Pigment (powdered color)
2. Binder (a liquid to which a pigment is added)
3. Solvent (used to thin out paint that is overly thick)
* Encaustic- painting medium in which pigment is mixed into melted wax/ * Fresco- painting medium in which pigment is applied to a wall spread with wet plaster. * Tempera- painting medium in which pigment is mixed with egg yolk and water is applied with tiny brushstrokes. * Gouache- opaque water-based paint.
* Oil Paint- paint with an oil base.
* Acrylic- is quick-drying water based synthetic paint.
-Make solid forms that have height, width, and depth.
Sculpture- is a three-dimensional work of art.
The media of sculpture
-This includes clay, glass, plastics, wood, stone, and metal. Two types of sculpture:
* Sculpture in the round- a type of sculpture that is surrounded on all sides by space. * Relief sculpture- a type of sculpture that projects into space from a flat background.
* Modeling- media such as clay, wax and plaster are used in modeling. * Carving- wood and stone are the most common carving media. * Casting- molten metal or another substance is poured into a mold and allowed to harden. * Assembling- involves welding metal, but media can be glued, sewn or fitted together. Architecture- is the planning and creation of buildings.
Fine Art- art made to be experienced visually.
Applied Art- art made to be functional as well as visually pleasing. * Weavings- are made from natural wool, linen, silk or cotton. * Quilts- are stitched from fine fabrics to be hung on the wall like paintings. * Baskets- are woven from natural materials such as reeds and wood slats as well as manufactured fibers. * Pottery- is made with clay from the earth.
* Jewelry- is crafted using expensive materials such as precious stones and gold. Lesson 2- Modern Forms in the Visual Arts
Painting- is one of the oldest and most important arts.
Styles of Painting:
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