Students of schools and colleges generally go on excursions every year. They select places of historical and scientific interest to visit. Those going to Delhi will not miss to visit Agra and see the Taj Mahal. At Agra besides the Taj Mahal they can also seen the Agra Fort and Fathepuri Sikri which was for some time the capital of Moghul Emperor, Shahjahan.
Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world. It has both historical as well as cultural value. It is built on the banks of the river Jamuna. Taj Mahal was built by the Moghul Emperor Shahjahan as a mausoleum of his beloved wife Arjmand Begum popularly known as Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1630 A.D.
Taj Mahal is an architectural beauty which is beyond description. It is a work of Indian architects - both Muslims and Hindus. The mausoleum with its allied gardens and the building complex measures 1400 feet x 1000 feet and is in the form of a rectangle. It is enclosed by a high wall surmounted by four arcaded marble pavilions at each one of the four corners. As one enters he is flanked by arched apartments and red stone building structures. The main gate is a red stone structure of very great architectural value. Its facade contains beautiful calligraphic descriptions in Arabic. After one passes the main gate one enters the well-laid out garden with marble pathways, water course and fountains. Before the visitor, stands the beautiful marble mausoleum.
The principal mausoleum stands again on a rectangular platform built in marble with a plinth area of 22 square feet. The mausoleum proper is square in shape. The main dome which rises to a height of 108 feet from the base platform is of pure white marble. On each of the four domes of the platform there is a minaret covered by "Kiosk". The central dome towers all these cupolas. It is said that it took 22 years to complete the whole structure and that it cost then three crores of rupees. The construction of this central dome itself is said to have taken 12...
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