A Third World Country Report of Iraq

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 70
  • Published : January 15, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
CHALLENGE OF THIRD WORLD DEVELOPMENT

A Third World Country Report of Iraq

Name

Dr. Rasool Nafisi

Sociology 300

A term paper presented to the General Studies Department

Strayer University Online in partial fulfillment for the completion of Sociology 300

General Studies Department (Sociology)

Strayer University Online

August 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Dependency and Modernization Theories…………………………………………………… 4

Religion and Politics……………………………………………………………………………………………… 5

Democracy and Dictatorship……………………………………………..…………………….. 6

Ethnic- Cultural Divisions………………………………………………………………………...7

Women and Development…………………..…………………………………………………………………. 8

Global Issues……………………………………………………………………………………………… 9

Revolutionary Change………………………………………….…………………………………………………..10

Soldiers and Politics………………………………….…………………………………………………………..11

Political Economy……………………………………………………………………………………………12

Conclusion………...……………………………………………………………………………….13

References………………………………………………………………………………………….14

Dependency and Modernization Theories
Dependency theory is defined as a theory that attributed Third World underdevelopment to its economic and political dependence on the advanced industrial nations, also known as the core or First World Nations (Handelman, p.19). Moreover, Theotonio Dos Santos (1971) describes dependency as a “historical condition which shapes a certain structure of the world economy such that it favors some countries to the detriment of others and limits the development possibilities of the subordinate economies.” (p.226). Conversely, the modernization theory contends that “developing nations had to acquire modern cultural values and create modern political and economic institutions.” (Handelman, p.16). The transformation of a nation’s traditional cultures is considered an imperative factor for the assimilation of modernization. To be effective in the modernization theory “…theorists identified education, urbanization, and the spread of mass media as the central agents of change.” (Handelman, p. 16).

The modernization and dependency theories apply to the nation of Iraq, however, only slightly. Although, the recent events in Iraq have indicated that there is a shift toward modernization, the nation still presents situations where it is dependent on outside influences, politically and militarily. This is why I think the modernization theory, as well as the dependency theory explains the current events in Iraq. Still to this very day, there is a dependency on United States military strength to train the Iraqi military forces for self reliance in an ongoing civil war with Al-Qaeda Muslim terrorists. The Iraqi culture has been influenced by the western world through mediums such as television and movies, but Iraq has not shed its founding cultural values, as indicated by the modernization theory. Outside influences, namely the United States, have even tried to influence a foreign form of government on to Iraq in the form of democracy; but the transition is a slow task. Religion and Politics

The definition of the impact of religion on politics, according to Handelman describes that “most Americans accept a constitutional separation between the church and state as the normal state of affairs.” However, this very idea is not so apparent in Less Developed Countries (LDC). Handelman states, “Religion is even more firmly embedded in many Third World cultures, and its impact on politics is correspondingly more pronounced.” Religion, in some regions of the world, is so influential to politics that the religion and political structure are not mutually exclusive.

Different religions have varying degrees of impact on a nation’s political system. The religion of Islam is more apt to integrate with national political policies than Hinduism or Buddhism, which have considerably less influence on national politics. In Iraq, the predominant religion is Islam, which is practiced by...
tracking img