adfjla;1. Themes and Discussion
2. Themes in Gattaca Genetic Engineering and the moral and ethical issues surrounding it. Human Frailty vs. Inhuman Perfection Oppression and Discrimination Science vs. Religion (or “Ethics”) Most of these themes are inter-related and so we will discuss them together. In an essay you will need to select the most relevant information for the point you are making. 3. Names in Gattaca Jerome = Genome (Genetic material) Morrow = i.e. as in tom morrow (of the future) “ Eugene” = comes from Greek, which means “well born” Eugenics – Science of improving the hereditary qualities of a race or breed. Gattaca = GTCA, symbols for four main chemicals in DNA. “ Hoovers” or “J. Edgars” = vacuum cleaning brand and also J. Edgar Hoover, director of FBI. Irene Cassini – the Cassini division is the largest gap in Saturn’s rings 4. Oppression “ As night-fall does not come at once, neither does oppression… It is in such twilight that we all must be aware of change in the air – however slight – lest we become victims of the darkness.” - Justice William O. Douglas 5. Discrimination and Oppression Gattaca is set in a future where science, and not religion, has taken over society. A new form of discrimination has arisen, called GENOISM, discrimination according to one’s genetic purity. Write down three examples of how people are discriminated by their genes in GATTACA. 6. Discrimination and Oppression Examples of discrimination: Labels – “Invalid” – in today’s world this means useless. Use of illegal genetic testing in job interviews. “ God-child” and “Faith birth” Other examples? What examples of discrimination and oppression are there in the world? 7. World Examples of Oppression Nazi Fascism Untouchables caste of India ?? 8.
10. The World of Gattaca is Dystopic How is the world of Gattaca Dystopic? It could be a utopian world: most people are engineered to be born with little or no disabilities. But it is a dystopia. It is a perfect world, but only perfect for those who are genetically gifted. Lack of individuality. 11. Gattaca is Dystopic and Oppressive Numerous identity checks. Police and detectives all uniformed in grey trenchcoats and bring up memories of dark secret police organisations (e.g. SS in the Nazi regime) Buildings are large, bare and artificial and huge compared to individual. Surfaces of the world are polished clean and shiny, and almost sterile. 12. Gattaca is Dystopic and Oppressive It is a picture of a world ruled by science. Tiny individual vs. monster engine of society. Nearly everyone is accepting and passive of their place in society (best example?). It is a world where an oppressive system has been created, not by intention, but by the simple choices of individuals and their applications of scientific discovery. 13. Visual metaphors which show Oppression Motifs (repeated symbols) of glass and water, which illustrate the invisible walls Vincent is rebelling against. Where do we see glass and water in the film? E.g. Vincent looking through the glass of Gattaca as a janitor. The swimming scenes and Anton as a symbol of the society who rejects Vincent. Bars are a metaphor for the visible barriers (find three examples in the film) 14. Human Frailty vs. Inhuman Perfection Who is the best example of human frailty in Gattaca ? How is it shown? Who is the best example of inhuman perfection? How is it shown? How is the way this theme is shown ironic? Vincent spends his life trying to hide his frailty. Eugene ends his life as a result of not being able to cope with his imperfection. 15. What is the symbolism of the ladder? “ Borrowed ladder” DNA Double Helix Social status 16. What is the relationship between Vincent and Jerome? Vincent and Jerome form a kind of symbiosis (advantageous relationship between two animals or people e.g. Elephant bird) What does Vincent need from Jerome? What does Jerome need from Vincent? What do they receive (think about final scene between...