A Tale of Two Cities Archetype List

Topics: A Tale of Two Cities, Romeo and Juliet, A Tale of Two Cities characters Pages: 7 (3210 words) Published: October 25, 2012
Charles Darnay- Charles Darnay is the hero archetype throughout the story. He continually does the right thing and he has very noble actions. He refuses his family name because he believes they are cruel and is willing to do anything to help rescue people in need. "This property and France are lost to me. I renounce them." (Dickens, 116) Charles is ashamed of his family’s actions and refuses to be a part of that family because of it. This shows his hero quality in that he stands against evil. Lucie Manette- Lucie is seen as the nurturer archetype in the story. She has very compassionate and innocent actions. "No, Mr. Carton. I am sure that the best part of it might still be; I am sure that you might be much, much worthier of yourself" (Dickens, 142). She helps Sydney Carton in the story to believe in himself and try to make him a better person because she can see the good in him. Sydney Carton- Sydney Carton has the evil figure that truly has a good heart archetype. Although he is not a true villain, he feels he has no future for himself and is basically a bum. He is the most dynamic character in the story and throughout you can see him evolve. "It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I have ever known” (Dickens, 360) In the end he comes through for Lucie and Charles and commits an extremely noble act by sacrificing himself. Doctor Manette- He has the father archetype in the story. From the time regains his sanity he proves to be a loving father to not only Lucie but to others who helped him (like Charles). "I have a charmed life in this city. I have been a Bastille prisoner" (Dickens, 249). He shows a more encouraging personality and helps characters throughout the story. Madame Defarge- She possesses the devil figure archetype. Her role in the story consists of her keeping records of who she believes must die. She is pure evil and blood thirsty. "Tell wind and fire where to stop, but don't tell me!" (Dickens, 326). She has a vengeance and she will stop at nothing to carry out her plans. Monsieur Defarge- Monsieur Defarge can also be put into the father figure role in that he cares very much for the Menatte family and helps not only them but others as much as he can. “I know all, I know all, be a brave man my Gaspard! It is better for the poor little play thing to die so, than to live. It has died in a moment without pain. Could it have lived an hour as happily?” (Dickens, 102) Marquis Evremonde- He, like Madame Defarge, possesses the devil figure archetype. He is evil in that he has no concern for human life. He wants all peasants to be exterminated. "It is extraordinary to me that you people cannot take care of yourselves and your children. One or the other of you is forever in the way. How do I know what injury you have done to my horses?" (Dickens, 109). When he runs over the child on the streets, he has no guilt towards it at all. Setting/Symbols/Characters

Fog: Fog is shown in the beginning of the story in the setting. “There was a streaming mist in all the hollows and it roamed in its forlornness up the hill, like an evil spirit, seeking and finding none… it was dense enough to shut everything from the light” (Dickens, 11). This foreshadows the dark events that come later in the story. Tower/Bastille- the archetype of tower is portrayed as the bastille. “I…Alexander Manette…write this melancholy paper in my doleful cell in Bastille” (Dickens, 316) this symbolizes a place of evil because its where Manette was placed imprisoned and where deaths take place in the French revolution. It was also where Manette had lost his mind. The Unhealable Wound- The unhealable wounds are portrayed as psychological issues in Dr. Manette. He is constantly being haunted by the 18 years in prison and his time as a shoemaker. “You have no idea how such apprehension weighs on the suffers’s mind, and how difficult-how almost impossible- it is, for him...
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