A Systematic Literature Review of Software Process Improvement for Small and Medium Web Companies

Topics: Software development process, Software engineering, Web 2.0 Pages: 35 (10212 words) Published: June 18, 2013
A Systematic Literature Review of Software Process Improvement for Small and Medium Web Companies

Muhammad Sulayman
PhD Student Department of Computer Science The University of Auckland msul028@aucklanduni.ac.nz Supervised by:

Assoc. Prof. Emilia Mendes

Abstract

It is observed that in recent years small and medium Web companies have emerged very rapidly and thousands of such companies are in existence all over the globe. To cater the needs of such companies, a new field of research was created – Web Engineering, given than Web engineering differs from traditional software engineering in numerous ways, which include the need of agile process models, extended modelling techniques (WebML), Navigational development techniques, different architectures and rapid application process along with different testing techniques. [12] [13] [15] [16 [25] [27]]. It has been observed that Software process improvement emerges as one of the biggest challenges for such companies [12]. A systematic literature review (SLR) has been conducted to identify and discuss the existing models and techniques used by small and medium Web companies. Important phases of our SLR included identification of the research questions to be investigated; primary and secondary database searches to identify relevant literature; data extraction from selected studies; data synthesis to formulate answers; and formal discussion to identify trends and research gaps. A total number of 88 studies were selected, after being filtered using an initial inclusion and exclusion criteria. Surprisingly, further inspection revealed only 4 relevant studies on the topic. A careful evaluation of studies was performed using qualitative as well as quantitative checklists; extracted data were further synthesized to answer the probed research questions. The identification of research gaps and possibilities of further research were explored.

1 Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Table of Contents.............................................................................................................................. 1 1. 2. Rationale of the Research ......................................................................................................... 2 Systematic Literature Review Process ....................................................................................... 3 2.1 2.2 2.3 3. 4. Formal Definition .................................................................................................................... 3 Motivation & Benefits ............................................................................................................. 3 The Process ............................................................................................................................. 4

Formulation of Research Questions .......................................................................................... 5 Identification of Relevant Literature ......................................................................................... 6 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Searching Procedure ............................................................................................................... 7 Searching Stages ..................................................................................................................... 8 Primary Search Phase.............................................................................................................. 8 Primary Search Execution ..................................................................................................... 10 Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria................................................................................................ 11

5. 6.

Selected Studies ...................................................................................................................... 12 Study Quality Assessment...
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