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Lingnan University

Digital Commons @ Lingnan University
CPPS Working Paper Series

Centre for Public Policy Studies

1-1-2006

A survey report on happiness index and
determinants of happiness in Hong Kong
Lok Sang HO
Gary WONG

Follow this and additional works at: http://commons.ln.edu.hk/cppswp Recommended Citation
HO, Lok Sang and WONG, Gary, "A survey report on happiness index and determinants of happiness in Hong Kong" (2006). CPPS Working Paper Series. Paper 82.
http://commons.ln.edu.hk/cppswp/82

This Paper Series is brought to you for free and open access by the Centre for Public Policy Studies at Digital Commons @ Lingnan University. It has been accepted for inclusion in CPPS Working Paper Series by an authorized administrator of Digital Commons @ Lingnan University.

Working Paper Series
Centre for Public Policy Studies
Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences

No. 177 (Dec 06) CPPS

A Survey Report on Happiness Index and
Determinants of Happiness in Hong Kong

Lok Sang Ho and Gary Wong

Lingnan University
Hong Kong

A Survey Report on Happiness Index and
Determinants of Happiness in Hong Kong

Lok Sang Ho and Gary Wong

December 2006

 Lok Sang Ho and Gary Wong
Professor Lok Sang Ho is Professor of Economics and Director of Centre for Public Policy Studies, Lingnan University, Hong Kong. Mr. Gary Wong is Research Development Officer of Centre for
Public Policy Studies, Lingnan University, Hong Kong.

Centre for Public Policy Studies
Lingnan University
Tuen Mun
Hong Kong
Tel: (852) 2616 7182
Fax: (852) 2591 0690
Email: cpps@LN.edu.hk
http://www.LN.edu.hk/cpps/

CAPS and CPPS Working Papers are circulated to invite discussion and critical comment. Opinions expressed in them are the author’s and should not be taken as representing the opinions of the Centres or Lingnan University. These papers may be freely circulated but they are not to be quoted without the written permission of the author. Please address comments and suggestions to the author.

A Survey Report on Happiness Index and
Determinants of Happiness in Hong Kong
Lok Sang Ho and Gary Wong*
1. Introduction
A survey was conducted by the authors in June 2005 using the facilities of the Survey Research Program of Lingnan University. It was a telephone survey using the random-digit-dialing sampling method. The target respondents were Hong Kong residents

(excluding full-time student) aged 21 or above. We successfully interviewed 717 Hong Kong residents.
2. Empirical Findings
2.1 Descriptive Statistics of Happiness Index
2.1.1 Overall
On a scale of 0 to 100, it was found that the average index for Hong Kong is 71.4, which is considerably higher than the neutral 50 point, and suggests that Hong Kong people are predominantly happy.

Moreover, most people feel that they are happier than 10 years ago, with the improvement index at 61.3, where any index above 50 suggests an improvement.
2.1.2 Sex
Females are generally happier than males, at 72.62 as compared to the male average of 69.58. This result resembles results obtained elsewhere.
2.1.3 Age and Education
Elderly people tend to be happier, with the 50 and above group scoring an average of 75.38, higher than the 71.08 of the 30-49 group. Younger adults in their twenties score only an average of *

Professor Lok Sang Ho is Professor of Economics and Director of Centre for Public Policy Studies and Mr. Gary Wai-chung Wong is Research Development Officer of Centre for Public Policy Studies, Lingnan University, Hong Kong. We thank Lingnan University and the Centaline Charity Foundation for sponsoring the Conference on Progress, Happiness, and Public Policy and for funding this study. 1

67.39. Of the elderly group, those with university education are the happiest, with a score of 85. But this education premium does not show up for the younger population, a result probably related to much greater availability of university education in...
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