TABLE OF CONTENT………………………………………………………….…….ii-iii CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION……………………………………..........................1 1.1 Background of the Study1
1.1.1 The Kenyan Cement Industries3
1.2 Statement of the Problem4
1.3 Objectives of the Study5
1.4 Significance of the Study5
1.5 Justification for the Study6
1.6 Scope of the study6
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW7
2.1 The concept of green procurement7
2.2 Appreciation of Green Procurement in the Cement Industry7 2.3 Green Procurement Practises in the Cement Industry9
2.4 The Impact of Green Procurement on the Performance of the Organization10 2.5. Conceptual framework11
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY13
3.1 Research Design13
3.2 Target Population13
Table 3.1: Target Population and Sample Size14
3.3 Sampling and Sample techniques14
3.4 Data Collection Instruments15
3.5 Data Collection Procedure15
3.6 Data Analysis15
Appendix I: Introduction Letter20
Appendix II: Research Questionnaire21
Appendix III: Budget26
Appendix IV: Time Schedule27
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
Environmental issues have become a subject of critical concern for businesses in recent years worldwide. Environmental obligations have grown substantially as society becomes more conscious of its environment. Legislation relating to the environment is increasing in number, and companies have to be environmentally responsible by taking a proactive stance on voluntary initiatives. Therefore, it is essential that they deliver reasonably priced quality goods and services in desired time frame. Porter and Vander Linde (1995) proved that properly designed environmental standards can trigger innovations that improve values, ultimately enhanced resource productivity that makes companies more competitive.
Green procurement is an approach in which environmental impacts play an important role in procurement decisions, with procurement officers concerned about more than just price and quality. Companies which pride themselves on environmental stewardship and thoughtful care of the environment may use green procurement, among many other tactics, to ensure that they do business in an environmentally responsible way. A number of aspects of the procurement process may be adjusted to meet a mission of environmental sustainability (Williams, 2000).
Within a procurement office, green procurement can involve changes in office procedures which are designed to benefit the environment. For example, rather than having people submit purchase orders and requests on paper, the procurement office might switch to electronic methods of communication so that paper is not wasted. The office might also engage in environmentally friendly activities like reducing energy usage, keeping plants around the office to improve air quality, or buying carbon offsets to compensate for office energy usage. During the procurement process, green procurement involves seeking out products which are manufactured sustainably (Williams, 2000).
On a simple level, green procurement can push companies to seek out office supplies made from environmental products, or products made by companies which are committed to environmental stewardship. The office might also demand minimal packaging on the products it orders, look for products moved with bio-diesel, seek out manufacturing facilities which bear environmental certifications, or indicate to potential vendors that it would prefer products from companies which are committed to minimizing waste and benefiting the environment. Procuring products which are environmentally responsible can be a challenging occupation both in the organization and the procurement officers. Going green can make your products more attractive to big buyers and consumers, reduce waste disposal and operating costs, and help...