FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF UPHSJ-GMA CAMPUS
Adolescence is the period where an individual has to mature mentally, emotionally, socially and physically. Adolescent period is placed at around 17 years, at about the same time they pursue collegiate courses or begin to apprentices in the world of work or the so called “the adult world”. The developmental tasks of adolescence are focused on developing independence in preparation for adulthood and in establishing a sense of identity. The adolescent establishes his personality along three dimensions: gender identity, occupational identity, and moral identity (Gines, Dizon, Obias, Uriarte, Vendivel, 1998, p. 201).
An important element of the adolescent’s self concept is his occupational identity. Ginzberg as cited in Schiamberg (1982) suggested that the individual continually makes adjustments in aspirations and motivations that limit and refine his vocational choices (Gines et al. 1998, p.211). The occupational identity must be established before entering college to make the right decision and to avoid confusion that may result to poor academic performance, course shifting and eventually dropping. It is essential to make the right decision because these choices will determine the individual’s future and role in the society.
A survey among guidance counselors conducted 17 years apart (Salazar-Clemena, 1992; Santamaria, 1975) have revealed that career-related problems of Filipino students remain largely unchanged. These include concerns that may be categorized as sociological (no choice, uncertain choice, or unwise choice, based chiefly on sociocultural expectations), psychological (lack of information, low self-worth); and general (problems of skill; Crites, 1969). Other concerns: lack of interest in anything, and lack of matching between interest, academic performance and work opportunities, on the other hand (Salazar-Clemena, 2002). Career Counseling is the process of helping the candidates to select a course of study that may help them to get into job or make them employable. Career counselors help the students to get into the career that suited to their aptitude, personality, interest and skills. So it is the process of making an effective correlation between the internal psychology of a candidate with the external factors of employability and courses.
Individual inventory and placement are guidance programs that can help the students on their career choice. Individual inventory systematically collects, evaluates and interprets data to identify the character and potential of every client while placement provides career orientation. Through interview and tests Individual Inventory measures the student’s personality, capacity and interests. Interest test is one of the commonly used psychological tests to determine the student’s vocational interest and matches it to a specific category of occupation. Vocational interest is just one of the factors in considering what course a student should take; the other factors are skills or abilities, personality and financial capability. The focus of the study is on vocational interest, according to de Jesus and Caparas (2008) interest measures the motivation and drive or need of a student to a specific area. Drive and motivation are very important for it determines how far you can go in that career.
The problem is that today most of the college students specifically on freshmen year are enrolled in the course they did not personally chose considering their skills, personality and interests. The reasons are: they’re still undecided on what course to choose, it is in demand, job availability, peer pressure, parents expectations and financial capability of the family. The researcher was prompted to do this study focusing on vocational interest because the researcher is also a...