A Study on the Quality of Water of Saryu River at Golwa Ghat Bahraich

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A Study on the Quality of Water of Saryu River at Golwa Ghat Bahraich

Dr.Ravindra K.Misra, Anjani Shukla and Dilip Yadava ,
Department of Zoology, Kisan Post Graduate College, Bahraich, U.P.

Abstract:

The quality of water in four streams of Saryu River at Bahraich in U.P was analyzed. Sampling was carried out from four points designated as Points 1 to 4 assess the impact of effluents on the water quality. Significant spatial variation from W.H.O. standards was observed in water level, transparency, turbidity, depth, dissolved oxygen, color, biochemical oxygen demand, nitrate, nitrite and total hydrocarbon among the physiochemical parameters of the study stations. Test results revealed that points 2 & 3 were the cause of the significant difference. The dissolved oxygen level in points 2 & 3 was lower than 5.0mg/L, which is recommended minimum allowable limit for aquatic life.. Introduction

The Saryu is a river that flows through Bahraich, a city located north-east of Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.). This river is of cultural significance finding mentions in ancient Hindu texts such as Vedas and the Ramayana. It is often considered to be synonymous with the modern Ghaghara river or as one of its tributaries. Located on the Saryu River, Makhali, a tributary of river Ghaghara, is also known as the river Sharda in Western U.P. and as river Kali in Uttarakhand. The river Sharda  shares the Indian International Border with Nepal in the Pilibhit and Lakhimpur Kheri districts

Over the years, the Bahraich region has undergone significant socio-economic development with the advent of numerous large and small-scale industries, hospitals and hotels establishing and flourishing on the banks and canals of the river Saryu. As a side-effect of these developments, the water of the Saryu, similarly to other rivers and their tributaries in India, has become increasingly contaminated due to heavy discharge of...
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