A STUDY ON SLEEPING HABIT AND THEIR EFFECT ON UMP STUDENT
1.1 - Introduction
1.2 - Background
University students experience invariably sleep deprivation, in 2001, university undergraduates reported a median duration of total sleep of 6.65 hours, which is far below the recommended 8.5 to 9.25 hours for their age. In addition to reduce total sleep time, students often shift their sleep or wake schedule toward later times for both bedtime and wake time. In addition, university students often deprive themselves of sleep during the weekdays, and attempt to “top up” their sleep by sleeping more longer on the weekend. However, healthy sleep is best done at the same time, and in the same quantity every day . Therefore, such irregularities in sleep pattern produce an unhealthy circadian rhythm disorder (delayed sleep phase disorder) that occurs in approximately 12% of university students, which is double the frequency in the general population (6%–7%). Individuals with delayed sleep phase disorder have difficulty falling asleep during the week, problems awakening at a planned time, and morning sleepiness. The pattern of insufficient and irregularly timed sleep inevitably leads to sleep problems and overall poor sleep quality. Sleep problems among university students are experienced high levels of stress because of the demands of academic performance is an important topic for investigation. Some little research has focused on this group of individuals. Most studies have focused instead on young children, older adults or on a certain category of patients. However, today's university students experience great pressure due to the changing career market and increased competition for jobs. Such stress and anxiety can lead to sleep problems. In fact, the quality and quantity of sleep of many students might change after enrolment into a university. Sleep deprivation has been reported and can affect student’s academic performance.
1.3 - Research Objective
The research objectives of this study are:
* To investigate the sleeping habits and sleeping problem in students population of University Malaysia Pahang * To study how the sleeping problem affect their academic performance * To determine the factor that causes the sleeping habits.
1.4 - Research question
The research questions of this study are:
1) What is the common sleeping habit and sleeping problem that student have?
2) How sleeping habits can affect student’s academic performance?
3) What are the factors that cause the sleeping habits?
1.5 – Definition of Key Terms
* A condition of body and mind which typically recurs for several hours every night, in which the nervous system is inactive, the eyes closed, the postural muscles relaxed, and consciousness practically suspended. Circadian rhythm disorder
* A chronic disorder of the timing of sleep which is people generally fall asleep some hours after midnight and have difficulty waking up in the morning. Insomnia
* Insomnia is most often defined by an individual's report of sleeping difficulties or habitual sleeplessness; inability to sleep.
1.6 - Scope of study
The study on sleeping habits and sleeping problem involving the participation of 30 student at UMP Gambang campus. The respondents who were selected were between the ages of 21 and 24 years old. The instrument which was used to collect the data was questionnaire.
2.1 - Introduction
Sleeping is one of the most important things in our life. We have to do anything at day, such as walking, working, cooking, or whatever. This kind of activity will make our body becomes tired and need to rest. To recharge the energy, we have to sleep to make sure that our nerve and muscle got some rest. 2.1 What is there sleep disorder?
Physicians and psychologists estimate that as many as 30% of adult...