Psalm 103 is a popular psalm recited in many churches across the world today. It is one of 150 Psalms in the Book of Psalms, the 19th book in the Holy Christian Bible. The Book of psalms is a collection of sacred songs, one being psalm 103. As with many other psalms, Psalm 103 has been used, and is currently is being used, to assist in praising and worshipping the Lord. The need and reason to praise and worship the Lord can be found else where in scripture such as in the following scriptures: Isaiah 43:7 - Even every one that is called by my name: for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him. Revelation 4:11 - Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created. 1 Corinthians 15:32 - If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die. 1 Chronicles 16:29 - Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name: bring an offering, and come before him: worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness. The deduction can be made by reading the scriptures above that glorifying the Lord, worshipping the Lord, and praising the Lord are essential practices in the lives of men. Men and women were created to worship and give God his due glory. In Psalm 103, praising the Lord is very recognizable and it is the purpose of the psalm. This paper will briefly describe the author of the psalm, elaborate on the meaning of the psalm, investigate the type of psalm, and identify the poetic parallelisms found in the Psalm. About the Author
The Septuagint translation of the heading of Psalm 103 is “of David,” therefore authorship of Psalm 103 is credited to King David, the second king of Israel. King David is credited with writing 73 of the 150 psalms, nearly half of the entire book. David had many faults and committed several sins in his life, many of which are written in the historical books of the bible. Some of these sins included adultery and murder. Unlike many other kings of Israel, David repented of his sins and honored the Lord. The Lord showed mercy and grace on David and allowed him to become a powerful, respected, and prosperous leader. Again, unlike many of the other kings of Israel, David acknowledged that the Lord was very merciful and full of grace. David realized that it was not his power and might that blessed him, but rather it was God’s love. David used his poetic gift to give God the love He deserves, to show God David’s appreciation for the deeds the Lord had done, and to express a need for God through the struggles of life. Psalm 103 was an example of how David expressed his love for God Almighty for being a good God and for the deeds God commits in the lives of His people. Meaning
The overall purpose of Psalm 103 is to give God praise for His grace, His love, and His forgiveness. It is a celebration of deliverance. Psalm 103 can be broken up into four sections as follows: 1. Psalm 103:1-5 – Praise God for pardon of sin
2. Psalm 103:6-14 – Acknowledging God’s Grace
3. Psalm 103:15-18 – God’s abounding love for the righteous 4. Psalm 103:19-22 – Praise the Lord Everybody
In the first section of Psalm 103 (verses 1-5,) David makes his call to praise opening with the words, “Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name.” The next 4 verses in the first section give reasoning for praising God. The reasons include the Lord’s benefits, his forgiveness, his healing power, redemption, his love, his compassion, and his satisfying efforts. Healing and redemption are a potential result of sickness and falling short of the glory of God and both of these are a result of sin. With God’s forgiveness of sin, the benefits of healing and redemption follow. A broader theme for section 1 could be Praising God for...
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