The Septuagint translation of the heading of Psalm 103 is “of David,” therefore authorship of Psalm 103 is credited to King David, the second king of Israel. King David is credited with writing 73 of the 150 psalms, nearly half of the entire book. David had many faults and committed several sins in his life, many of which are written in the historical books of the bible. Some of these sins included adultery and murder. Unlike many other kings of Israel, David repented of his sins and honored the Lord. The Lord showed mercy and grace on David and allowed him to become a powerful, respected, and prosperous leader. Again, unlike many of the other kings of Israel, David acknowledged that the Lord was very merciful and full of grace. David realized that it was not his power and might that blessed him, but rather it was God’s love. David used his poetic gift to give God the love He deserves, to show God David’s appreciation for the deeds the Lord had done, and to express a need for God through the struggles of life. Psalm 103 was an example of how David expressed his love for God Almighty for being a good God and for the deeds God commits in the lives of His people. Meaning
The overall purpose of Psalm 103 is to give God praise for His grace, His love, and His forgiveness. It is a celebration of deliverance. Psalm 103 can be broken up into four sections as follows: 1. Psalm 103:1-5 – Praise God for pardon of sin
2. Psalm 103:6-14 – Acknowledging God’s Grace
3. Psalm 103:15-18 – God’s abounding love for the righteous 4. Psalm 103:19-22 – Praise the Lord Everybody
In the first section of Psalm 103 (verses 1-5,) David makes his call to praise opening with the words, “Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name.” The next 4 verses in the first section give reasoning for praising God. The reasons include the Lord’s benefits, his forgiveness, his healing power, redemption, his love, his compassion, and his satisfying efforts. Healing and redemption are a potential result of sickness and falling short of the glory of God and both of these are a result of sin. With God’s forgiveness of sin, the benefits of healing and redemption follow. A broader theme for section 1 could be Praising God for...