A Study Guide to Rotc

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Consideration of Others – Program Definition and Goal

•Promotes actions that lead to sensitivity to and regard for the feelings and needs of others •Includes awareness of the impact of one’s behavior on others •Program goal supports broader strategic goal

–Each Soldier’s attitudes and actions critically affect combat effectiveness

Define and describe SMART

–Specific-Concrete language and distinct tasks
–Measurable-Employ benchmarks and yardsticks and require measurable results –Achievable-Realistic with attainable milestones
–Realistic-Consider real situations and circumstances

–Time-bound- Adhere to a schedule or deadline for completion.

Methods for Group Time Management

–Eliminating Distracters
–Divesting non-congruent tasks

Army Considerations for Goal Development

-Subordinates should be involved for goal setting
-Goals must be realistic attainable and challenging
-Leaders must develop a plan of action to achieve a goal
-Goals should ultimately lead to improve combat readiness

Seven Steps of the Problem Solving Model

-ID the problem-5Ws
-Gather information-facts, assumptions, interests
-Develop criteria-screening and evaluation
-Generate possible solutions-suitable, feasible, acceptable, distinguishable, complete -Analyze possible solutions-Benchmark
-Compare possible solutions-determine best solution
-Make and implement the decision-decide and act

Ensure familiarity of the following:

-Existing/Reinforcing Obstacles
Natural obstacles, or obstacles considered permanent EX: Buildings rivers, hills

Reinforcing: Not natural or permanent EX: wire, downed trees

-Sector Sketches
Range cards: A record of the data required to engage predetermined targets within a sector of fire during good and limited visibility

-Tactical purposes for obstacles
-Disrupt-upset enemy’s formation, tempo, or timetable, force premature or piecemeal

-Fix-prevent enemy from moving any part of force from a particular location for a particular period

-Turn-Force enemy from one avenue approach onto another avenue of approach that benefits the defender

Block- deny the enemy access to an area or prevent advance along a direct or avenue of approach

-Consider the effects of weather on operations

-Precipitation (Rain, snow, sleet, hail)
-Cloud cover
-Temperature and humidity (note light data is also crucial)

-Defensive Positions

Defend an area
Defend a battle position
Defend a strong point
Defend a perimeter
Defend a reverse slope

List and describe classifications of terrain

ØUnrestricted Terrain
ØFacilitates movement without disruption to speed or tempo

ØRestricted Terrain
ØHinders movement to some degree
ØSeverely restricted includes minefields, road or railroad embankments, and extremely dense urban areas

Classify terrain given a specific scenario


•Two categories
Force identifies enemy with time to establish ambush
Specific target at predetermined location

-Two Formations
-L Shaped

Land Navigation Techniques

Dead Reckoning-Following an azimuth for a set distance
Terrain Association-Using terrain as a guide towards next point

Ensure familiarity of the following:
-Steering marks- Landmarks located on the azimuth
Commonly on or near the highest points visible along the azimuth line

Handrails – linear features that run roughly parallel to direction of travel

Catching feature – prominent feature that warns of direction change or serves as a distance alert

Attack points – permanent, easily identifiable, known landmarks for a final point of reference

Four Steps to Route Planning

Plot all points and determine azimuths accurately

Determine attack points – consider road intersections and checkpoints

Determine azimuths from attack points to plot points

Plan route –...
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