What is Agenda 21?
It is a comprehensive plan of action taken globally ,nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations System, Governments, and Major Groups in every area in which human impacts on the environment. Agenda 21, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and the statement of principles for sustainable management of forests were adopted by more than 178 Governments at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janerio, Brazil, 3 to 14 June 1992. Why is it important?
Deforestation is happening on a massive scale, often resulting in damage to the quality of the land. Forests still cover about 30 percent of the world’s land area, but swaths the size of Panama are lost each and every year. The world’s rain forests could completely vanish in a hundred years at the current rate of deforestation. Environmental pollution due to lack of proper disposal of wastes , emissions from automobiles and factories, usage of strong chemicals are seriously affecting the quality of air, water and land on earth. Rapid rise in the amount of Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has resulted in global warming and thus climatic conditions are getting affected in a big way. Only around 2.5% of the earth’s water is consumable and the rest is salt water and on current trends over next 20 years humans would use 40% more than they do now. At present around 11% of the world’s population are living without access to safe water. 1.4 million children die every year from diarrhea caused by unclean water and poor sanitation. All these issues have raised huge concerns all over the world over the past few decades and some measures have to be taken in order to conserve the resources and to prevent the wastage of the resources. An awareness should be created among the people about the seriousness of these issues and strict laws have to be enforced in order to bring everything in control.
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