A Short History of Biochemistry

Topics: DNA, Biochemistry, Chemistry Pages: 3 (707 words) Published: December 29, 2008
Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry of living things and the substance found in them. The main goal of biochemistry is to understand the structure and behavior of biomolecules. Biochemistry is a combination of chemistry and biology. It uses the methods of chemistry, physics, molecular biology, and immunology to study the structure and behavior of molecules found in biological material. It shows the ways these molecules interact to form cells, tissues, and whole organisms. This type of science is usually observed on a microscopic scale. Biochemistry has helped us view and understand biological processes in cells and organisms. It has provided explanations for the causes of many diseases in humans, animals, and plants and can create cures for certain diseases.

In the nineteenth century, it was widely believed that life was not subjected to the laws physical science. It was thought that only living beings could produce the molecules of life. In 1828, Friedrich Wöhler published a paper on the synthesis of organic compounds, proving that it can be created artificially. The discovery of the first enzyme in 1833 by Anselme Payen, may have been the starting point in biochemistry. By the twentieth century, advances in equipment have made biochemistry more successful. Biochemistry soon broke off into different branches. In the 1950s, the discovery of the gene and its roll of the transfer of information in the cell was one of the most important discoveries in biochemistry. This discovery also started molecular biology. DNA structures also were discovered in the 1950s. The discovery of genetics led to the introduction of forensic science. Today, there are three main types of biochemistry. Plant biochemistry involves the study of the photosynthesis and other plant specific biochemical processes. General biochemistry studies both plant and animal biochemistry. Human/medical biochemistry focuses on the biochemistry of humans and medical...
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