A Rose for Emily?

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Developmental Milestones

Goals
1.

STACEY J. LUBETSKY DMD ST. BARNABAS HOSPITAL PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY

2. 3. 4. 5.

REVIEW AGE-RELATED PSYSHOCOCIAL TRAITS AND SILLS, SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT, MENTAL, AND MOTOR DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN BEHAVIOR THEORIES BMI IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULES ANSWERS TO COMMON PARENT QUESTIONS

Physical Milestones
Developmental Task Average Age Focus on light Lies on stomach,lifts chin Birth weight doubles Rolls back to stomach Sits alone Stands with support Walks alone Bowel control 2 weeks 3 weeks 6 mo 7 mo 7 mo 10mo 14 mo 18 mo Normal Range 1-4 wk 1-10 wk 5-7 mo 51/2 -11mo 6-11 mo 9-18 mo 10-20 mo 1-21/2 yr

Age-related Psychosocial Traits and Skills

Two year Old
 Likes to see and touch  Very attached to parent  Plays alone- does not share  Limited vocabulary  Interested in self help skills

Social-emotional development of the 2 year old
 Self-centered  Clings to the familiar  Routine dependent  Contacts by pushing and shoving  Easily distracted and frustrated  Complete dependence on adults

Mental Development of the 2 year old
 One thing at a time  One or two-word sentences  Time concept “NOW”  Needs own name used  Repeats words, phrases, over and over  ATTENTION SPAN: 1-5 minutes  Vocabulary – 5 to 200 words

Motor development of the 2 year old
 Hand preference developing  Climbs into things  Can help undress  Awkward with small objects  Unsteady  Rotates, fits objects

Age-related Psychosocial Traits and Skills

Three Year Old
 Likes to Please  Very active imagination- likes stories  Closely attached to parent  Jealous  Plays “animal”  Avid “me-tooer”  Wants to please adults, conform

Mental Development of 3 year olds
 Alert, excited, curious  Names and matches simple colors  Moves and talks at the same time  ATTENTION SPAN: 4-8 minutes  Vocabulary- 800-900 words  Letter substitutions

Motor development of 3 year old
 Well-balanced body lines  Rides a tricycle  Gallops  Can carry liquids  Alternates feet in stair climbing

Age-related Psychosocial Traits and Skills

Mental Development of the 4 year old
 Can do TWO things at once  Has concept of “three”-but names more  ATTENTION SPAN:8-12 minutes  Vocabulary- 1500 words  Recognizes today, tomorrow  Age conscious and birthday conscious  Recognizes forms  Enjoy silly words, rhymed without meaning

Four Year Old
 Tries to impose powers  Small social groups- cooperative play  Independent self help skills  Knows thank you and please  Dominates- bossy ,boastful  Hits, grabs for what he wants

Motor Development of the 4 year old
 Dresses self except for back buttons and bow ties  Throws large ball, kicks with some accuracy  Can jump about own height  Builds, drives, pilots

Age-related Psychosocial Traits and Skills

Five Year Old
 Takes pride in possessions  Relinquishes comfort objects such as

blanket or thumb
 Plays cooperatively in groups of 2-5  Sensitive to ridicule  Conscious of sex differences of

playmates
 Copies adult behavior- acts grown-up

Mental Development of 5 year old
 Curious about everything  Can carry play interest for more than one day  Talk to clear ideas  ATTENTION SPAN:12-28 minutes  Vocabulary- 12,200 words  Enjoys making up songs, dictating own stories  Counts 10 objects

Motor Development of 5 year old
 Enjoys activities using hand skills  Draws a person  Able to skip on both teeth  Likes dancing  Skill using simple tools  Learn how to tie shows

Speech and Language Milestones
HEARING AND UNDERSTANDING Birth-3 Months  Startles to loud sounds.  Quiets or smiles when spoken to.  Seems to recognize your voice and quiets if crying.  Increases or decreases sucking behavior in response to sound. TALKING Birth-3 Months  Makes pleasure sounds (cooing, gooing).  Cries differently for different needs.  Smiles when sees you.

Speech and Language Milestones
HEARING AND...
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