I. AUTHOR:( MS DUYÊN)
William Faulkner was born in New Albany, Mississippi, on September 25,1897. His family moved to Oxford, Mississippi, just before he was five and we can see that this place marked his sense of humor, his sense of the tragic position of Black and White Americans, his characterization of Southern characters, and his timeless themes, including fiercely (adv. dữ dội) intelligent people dwelling behind the facades( = outside) of good old boys and simpletons( = idiot) . Faulkner belonged to a once-wealthy Southern family of former plantation owners. He is not only one of the most important writers in Southern literature in the United States but also one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century. He mainly known for his novels and short stories, many of them are set in the mythical Yoknapatawpha County, a setting Faulkner created based on Lafayette County, where he spent most of his life . Faulkner published almost twenty novels,many short stories and two volumes of poetry. Besides, he wrote many screenplays, essays, and articles for magazines and newspapers. He won two Pulitzer Prizes, a National Book Award, and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1949 and died on July 6, 1962. Some famous works of this writer:
( With novels: Soldier's Pay(1926), Mosquitoes (1927), Flags in the Dust(1927), Sartoris(1928), The Sound and The Fury (1928), As I Lay Dying (1930), Light in August, Absalom, Albasom!, (1930s),The Wild Palms, The Hamlet, and Go Down, Moses (1940s)... ( Other works : Intruder in the Dust (1948), Collected Stories (1950), Requiem for a Nun (play, 1951) A Fable (1954, Pulitzer Prize), The Town (1957), The Mansion (1959), The Reivers (1962, Pulitzer Prize)… “A Rose for Emily” was originally published in the April 30, 1930, issue of Forum. It was his first short story published in a major magazine. II. TOPIC( MS NHIÊN)
William Faulkner composed “A Rose for Emily” with takes place in Jefferson, the county seat of Yoknapatawpha, he visibly characterizes Emily and the conflict that she face with her father, with herself and others to show us the unfortunate life of poor young lady, Miss Emily at that time.
III. THEMES( MS NHIÊN)
Human life passed a tasteless over time that Miss Emily herself don’t realize. The image of a rose is Emily's love, her love with the past, with value can’t come back. Miss Emily is stuck in the time of Colonel Sartoris and his contemporaries. So they shoud be dedicated, it is an honor, preserve and beloved past but also accept and toward to the future. It’s true to say that Miss Emily earns our respect by her aloofness( thái độ cách biệt với mọi thứ xung quanh cô) and her strength of purpose. We can see that when she publicly appears in the buggy with Homer Barron, and when she cows( dọa nạt, làm cho ai sợ hãi) the druggist and the alderman( ủy viên hội đồng), but if we speak of her aloofness and her strength of purpose rather than of her arrogance and madness, that’s why the narrator’s imaginative sympathy( đồng cảm, thông cảm) guides us. So the narrator want to show us the theme: One's excessive( quá đáng, quá mức) pride in the past can prevent someone from living well in the present.
IV. PLOTS( MS NHƯ PHẠM)
The story is about Miss Emily Grierson's life, a whole life of disappointment. Even though Emily is a member of a wealthy family in Jefferson in the seventies, she is still single by the time she turns thirty because Emily’s father driving off many of the suitors as he thought they weren't good enough to marry his daughter. Emily is motherless during the whole story so when her father died, she refuses to admit it for three whole days. He left her with the house and Tobe, a loyal servant and nothing.
The relationship between Emily and the townspeople is also getting worse when she refuses to pay the taxes, which she believes are remitted forever by...