A RHETORICAL ANALYSIS
“FAMILY HISTORY AND GENETICS”
BY: ALECIA HUMPHREY
WEEK 5 WRITING ASSIGNMENT
CHAPTER 8 – PAGE 132
In an excerpt from the book “Ask Dr. Bob”, published by NCADD and authored by Robert M. Morse, MD entitled “Family History and Genetics”, Dr. Morse makes some rather controversial claims regarding drug addiction. Dr. Morse, the former Director of Addictive Disorders Services at the Mayo Clinic, NCADD Board Member and member of NCADD’s Medical/Scientific Committee, claims that the single most reliable indicator of risk for future alcohol and drug problems is family history. The argument is generally stated as Nature vs. Nurture. What causes some people to become addicted to alcohol and drugs and others do not? This is a very interesting subject for me personally as I have struggled with alcohol and drug addiction most of my adult life, and I was adopted as an infant.
The article addresses the issue of Nature vs. Nurture in influencing alcohol and drug addiction in individuals. Why is it that some people become addicted to alcohol and drugs and other people can drink or use socially and never become addicted? It is stated as a fact that the single most reliable indicator of risk for future alcohol and drug problems is family history. The article provides coherent information about genetics and their influence on our bodies and how an error in a single gene can cause a disease as complex as cystic fibrosis. Most diseases, including addiction and alcoholism, are considered genetically complex and involve variations in a number of different genes. Dr. Morse presents some data regarding twin studies in support of the heredity aspect, but most interesting is the results from the adoption studies. A male child adopted in infancy and studied into adulthood, was 4 times as likely to be alcoholic, if he is the biological son of an alcoholic as were sons of non-alcoholics. And the alcoholism status of...
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