A Rhetorical Analysis of Childhood Physical Abuse, Internalized Homophobia, and Experiential Avoidance Among Lesbians and Gay Men

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A Rhetorical Analysis of Childhood Physical Abuse, Internalized Homophobia, and Experiential Avoidance Among Lesbians and Gay Men
Introduction​
The article “Childhood Physical Abuse, Internalized Homophobia, and Experiential Avoidance among Lesbians and Gay Men” was first published in the journal Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy in 2011.5 The article is originally 11 pages long, and was online via Google Scholar. In this research article, authors Sari D. Gold, Brian A. Feinstein, W. Christopher Skidmore, and Brian P. Marx present new information (aimed at others interested in the field of clinical psychology) on internalized homophobia and childhood physical abuse, and how it can affect one’s psychological well-being later in life. After thoroughly reviewing and analyzing this article, I have found it to be an extremely effective piece of writing. I feel that both the writing and findings that the researchers present are very effective to those reading this article. Summary

​The study explores relations among childhood physical abuse, internalized homophobia, experiential avoidance, and current psychological symptoms of gay and lesbian adults. What the researchers found was that childhood physical abuse predicted depression and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Furthermore, internalized homophobia completely mediated the relation between childhood physical abuse and depression symptoms and partially mediated the relation between childhood physical abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. The authors claim these findings suggest that internalized homophobia and experiential avoidance may have differential mediating roles in predicting psychological symptoms among lesbians and gay men who have experienced childhood physical abuse.

Use of Argument
Ethos
​The author’s qualifications all vary. Dr. Sari D. Gold is a counseling psychologist who practices out of Seattle, Washington.4 She has also published several other articles on internalized homophobia and experiential avoidance both before, and after the article reviewed. Her works have been published in articles such as Psychology of Women Quarterly as well as Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, both revered for their contributions to clinical psychology. ​Brian P. Marx, Ph.D. is an associate professor at Boston University School of Medicine. Dr. Marx has his doctorate in clinical psychology from the University of Mississippi, and focuses a large part of his degree on research in his field.2 Most of his research done in the past is done on posttraumatic stress disorder. He analyzes the effects that is has on trauma, memory, impairment, and risk factors. I found this to give him credibility in the article I reviewed by showing that Dr. Marx focuses specifically on posttraumatic stress disorder, and the effects that it can have on specific functions of specific individuals. This speaks to the article itself which analyzes how posttraumatic stress disorder is associated and affected by homosexual individuals. ​Brian A. Feinstein is a doctoral graduate student in Clinical Psychology at Stony Brook University in Stony Brook, New York. Feinstein focuses mostly on how sexual orientation affects our relationships with one another.3 Feinstein has been involved with many research proposals, articles, and findings within the past few years. Even though he is only in graduate school, Feinstein has researched and assisted on over 10 published articles all on the topics of lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. W. Christopher Skidmore is another graduate student from Northwestern University for his doctorate in clinical Psychology.1 ​I feel that the credibility of the authors is very strong. They are all very involved in their fields, and all have accomplishments to show in their research. The article itself deals with many issues such as posttraumatic stress disorder, gay and...
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