A Review of the Forest Status in Bangladesh and the Potential for Forest Restoration for Wildlife Conservation

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forest in bangladesh
CONCLUSION

Forest restoration and wildlife conservation can contribute to sustainable rural andA REVIEW OF THE FOREST STATUS IN BANGLADESH AND THE POTENTIAL FOR FOREST RESTORATION FOR WILDLIFE
CONSERVATION

national development. If the carrying capacity of forest ecosystems is continuously exceeded, however, they will ultimately disintegrate. The major constraints for sustainable forest management in Bangladesh are the dense human population and the high rate ofHerbivorous animals are dependent on grasslands in the Sundarbans. The Spotted Deer & Common Barking Deer are specially attracted to Keora (Sonneriatia apetala) leaves and grasslands. Unfortunately, these are a scarce resource. For the management of small cats, big trees are required. Undisturbed breeding grounds and suitable habitats for feeding are key aspects in the management of wildlife.

Bangladesh possesses diverse forest ecosystems viz. tropical evergreen, tropical semievergreen, deciduous, tidal/mangrove and fresh water swamps. Consequently, wildlife species are highly diverse. It is evident that in well managed forests the presence of wildlife species, in terms of both abundance and the diversity of species, are much greater than in degraded ones. For instance, the Forest Department has raised successful plantations in the newly accreted coastal areas and once the plantations became established various wildlife species have naturally recolonised those areas. It is accepted that protecting existing natural forest is the best way to conserve wildlife but that forest restoration is an important second. The Forest Department is primarily responsible for this sort of habitat creation, habitat improvement and management both through establishing plantations and by creating other facilities. In addition, the Forest Department has undertaken programmes for captive breeding of some wildlife species.

Priorities for wildlife conservation:
The enactment of wildlife conservation and bio-diversity programmes in Bangladesh is the result of recent changes in thought. In addition to the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21, Bangladesh has, so far signed, ratified and acceded to 22 international Conventions, Treaties and Protocols related to the Environment and has taken several initiatives to protect fragile ecosystems and to conserve biological diversity in the country. At this moment, the Forest Department has prioritised the following actions: • large-scale afforestation in the country’s hilly, marginal & fallow land, newly accreted char-land and coastal areas;

• reforestation in denuded and degraded forest areas;
• propagation of various wildlife species;
• habitat improvement;
• capacity building;
• personnel development;
• legal measures;
• medical facilities for wildlife;
• documentation and training and
• motivation and public awareness campaigns.
Adverse factors affecting the process
The major challenge facing Bangladesh is to meet basic human needs while sustaining the very limited resource base upon which these needs depend. Bangladesh faces serious problems of over-population, extreme poverty, illiteracy and environmental degradation with natural resource depletion. These factors combine to exacerbate the scale of constant socio-economic setbacks imposed by recurring natural hazards, often of exceptionalHerbivorous animals are dependent on grasslands in the Sundarbans. The Spotted Deer & Common Barking Deer are specially attracted to Keora (Sonneriatia apetala) leaves and grasslands. Unfortunately, these are a scarce resource. For the management of small cats, big trees are required. Undisturbed breeding grounds and suitable habitats for feeding are key aspects in the management of wildlife.

Bangladesh possesses diverse forest ecosystems viz. tropical evergreen, tropical semievergreen, deciduous, tidal/mangrove and fresh water swamps. Consequently, wildlife species are highly diverse. It is evident that in well managed...
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