A Review of Qualitative Research on Teenage Smoking Habits

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A Review of Qualitative Research on Teenage Smoking Habits
Grand Canyon University: NRS-433V-O103 Introduction to Nursing Research September 20, 2012

Introduction
The purpose of this document is to summarize the contents of the research article, explain the research methods implemented, and offer insight on how the findings contribute to nursing practice. Second, there will be an explanation of ethical considerations associated with the conduct of nursing research. Finally, the source document, “What Determines Teenagers' Smoking Behaviour?: A Qualitative Study” will be attached for review. Summary

The articles purpose was to study smoking behavior among Malaysian teens. The specific areas of interest included: smoking initiation, cigarette consumption, intention to stop smoking, and attempts to stop smoking. The first stage of teen smoking behavior begins with casual experimentation and is followed by the maintenance phase when everyday ritual smoking is present. The future dependence on smoking can be predicted by the individual’s actions during experimentation with cigarettes.

Curiosity, peer pressure, and parental smoking were all reported reasons that teens decided to try cigarettes. In children less than thirteen year old, it was concluded that parental smoking played the largest role in behavior choices. This finding suggests that children are modeling the parents’ smoking behavior. However, older teens in secondary school reported peer pressure to be the reason for choices regarding cigarettes.

Seventy-four percent of the participants reported that they smoked less than five cigarettes daily. This same portion or participants admitted that they smoked because they experienced physical symptoms of nicotine withdraw when they didn’t smoke daily. Consumption of cigarettes in this group was reported as a social activity among friends but mostly in secluded areas, to avoid getting caught.

Most all adolescents that were active in this study reported that they had intended to quit smoking in the future. The majority of participants had no clear plan on how they were going to stop and most had admitted to several failed attempts to stop smoking without help. Aspects to consider: relationships, athletic involvement, health concerns, lack of finances, and parental concern are all reasons that would cause a teen smoker to consider quitting. The participants that were able to stop smoking had a plan and picked a specific quit date. Methods of Study

This information was collected and processed through a qualitative study. Specifically, it involved twenty-six teens from three public schools. Twenty-thee members of this sample group were smokers while three of the members had stopped smoking. Information was gathered through three focus group interviews, three in-depth interviews over twenty months, and questionnaires. The questions were asked in a non-formal conversational manner with important points or answers recorded on a document designed to evaluate and sort information (site).

The Social Cognitive Theory was used to organize collection of information and analysis. This theoretical framework was chosen based on the need for an explanation of teen smoking related to individuals, heath behaviors, and environments. The expectation is that Social Cognitive Theory would offer more insight on how these three elements would interact with each other simultaneously. Contribution to Nursing

Smoking tobacco continues to be one of the top causes of preventable causes for death in America. There are 430,000 deaths, one point five million years of potential life lost, and fifty billion of lost medical debt related to tobacco use (Hollis, J., Pollen, N,… 2005). Nurses that identify younger clients at risk for tobacco can contribute to decline in morbidity related to smoking and assist in the decrease of medical debt. “The younger that youth are when they start using tobacco, the more likely they'll be addicted...
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