Lavina Camacho, Graduate Student of Capella University
Correspondence concerning this paper should be addressed to Lavina Camacho, 185 Nalao Place Barrigada, Guam 96913. Email: email@example.com
Conduct disorder adolescent onset is very concerning since these youth not only engage in risky criminal behaviors that affect themselves, but also those around them. Effective intervention and treatment is needed to decrease the problematic behaviors that are symptoms of adolescent conduct disorder. Effective treatment is also needed since, children and adolescents who have been diagnosed with conduct disorder are at risk for their behaviors to progress with intensity and frequency into adulthood. The following paper will analyze and discuss various versions of cognitive behavioral therapies, family therapies, and multisystemic therapy in relation to the effectiveness in treating conduct disorder adolescent onset. After a literature review of the therapeutic approaches to treat adolescents with conduct disorder, it appears that those approaches that integrate addressing the function of family systems are most effective. Key Words: adolescent, teens, teenagers, conduct disorder, treatment, therapy
A Review of Effective Therapeutic Treatment for Conduct Disorder Adolescent Onset Conduct Disorder Adolescent Onset refers to Conduct Disorder that is diagnosed in young adolescents who develop the symptoms of the disorder after the age of 11. In order to appropriately diagnose conduct disorder in adolescents, the DSM-IV requires that the adolescent meets several criteria for a certain duration. As mentioned by Clarizio (1997) it is required that the adolescent manifests 3 of 15 symptoms that are divided into four categories which are aggression, destruction of property, lying or theft, and serious violation of rules over the past 12 months and have manifested at least one symptom consistently within the last 6 months (pp. 253). Although it is normal for a child during adolescence to venture into deviant behaviors due to their need for autonomy and influence of peers, deviant behaviors of conduct disorder are serious because it not only affects the child’s individual self, but others around them. The term conduct disorder refers to instances when children show a pattern of antisocial behaviors with significant impairment of everyday functioning at home, in school, or where behavior is regarded as unmanageable by significant others (van de Weil, Matthys, Cohen-Kettenis, Engeland, 2002, pp. 79). Conduct disorder in adolescents is concerning since many of these adolescents engage in risky behaviors that are considered criminal and put themselves and others in danger. Adolescents exhibit behaviors that are directly against another individual such as being verbally and physically aggressive or engaging in bullying at school. Their victims of aggression range from their peers at school, siblings, to authority figures such as parents, school personal, and law enforcement. Physical aggression can also take place towards animals by engaging in either torturing or killing of the animal. Other behaviors directed at others include lying and stealing. Conduct disorder also consist of behaviors that are not directed towards others and are also considered not a part of normal functioning. These behaviors include fire setting, truancy, and running away. The effective therapeutic treatment of adolescents with conduct disorder can be of a concern since many of them also have a co-morbid diagnosis. According to Hinshaw and Lee (2003) the problems for children and adolescents with conduct disorder are compounded by the co-occurrence of other childhood psychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional...