A Report on Ncte Including Its Historical Background

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Since 1973, the NCTE was an advisory body for the central and the state governments on all matters pertaining to teacher education with its secretariat in the Department of Teacher Education of the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). Despite its commendable work in the academic fields, it could not perform essential regulatory functions to ensure maintenance of standards in teacher education and preventing rise of sub standard teacher education institutions. The National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986 and the programme of action there under, envisaged a national council with teacher education with statutory status and necessary resources as first step for overhauling the system of teacher education. The National Council for Teacher Education as a statutory body came into existence in pursuance of the National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993 (No. 73 of 1993) on August 17,1995 The main objective of the NCTE is to achieve planned and coordinated development of the teacher education system throughout the country, the regulation and proper maintenance of Norms and Standards in the teacher education system and for matters connected therewith. The National Council for Teacher Education, commonly known as the Council or the General Body of the NCTE, is constituted by the Government of India under Section 3 of the NCTE Act. It lays down policy, frames regulations and takes final decisions on various aspects of the mandate given to it under the NCTE Act. The General Body of the NCTE in its first meeting held on November 3,1995 decided that the Executive Committee may generally carry out the functions of the Council and may have the control over management of all the affairs and the funds of the Council. It further decided that the Executive Committee may have the authority to exercise all the powers of the Council except framing of the regulations. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

The non-statutory National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) was set up in 1974 by a resolution of the Government of India and was located in the NCERT. It brought out its curriculum framework in 1978. The statutory NCTE established by an Act of Parliament in 1993 further came out with a Curriculum Framework (1998) to provide guidelines in respect of the content and methodology of teacher education. As a result of this, the courses of teacher education were revised by many universities and state governments. As a statutory body responsible for the coordination and maintenance of standards in teacher education, NCTE issued a Curriculum Framework for Quality Teacher Education in 1998. Before issuing it, the Council sought and ensured a national consensus in its favour. This is a comprehensive document that deals with almost all aspects of teacher education including its context, concerns and also the social philosophy of teacher education in Indian society which contemplates a synthesis between unity and diversity, freedom and compulsion, social planning and individual initiative. Its salient features were : •increased duration and multiple models of teacher education; •updating of theoretical and practical components of teacher education by giving new orientation and adding new inputs to the existing programmes; •emphasis on developing professionalism, commitment, competencies and performance skills; •optimal utilization of the potentialities of community, university and information and communication technology for preparation of teachers; •making provisions for preparation of teachers for the neglected sections of society, and •Suggesting alternative educational programmes for teachers of gifted children, teachers of senior secondary schools and specialized programme of education for teacher educators. Besides, there were other suggestions too which were well received by the nation. Some...
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