There are many themes used in “A Raisin in the Sun”, which is based on the poem “Dreams” by Langston Hughes. Two of the major themes I noticed while watching it was the value of dreams and the importance of family. All of the members of the family has a separate, personal dream for their life. Beneatha wants to become a doctor, for example, and Walter wants to have money so that he can afford things for his family. They struggle to attain these dreams throughout the movie, and much of their happiness and depression is directly related to their attainment of, or failure to attain, these dreams. For example, Walter goes against his families wishes and takes part of the money to invest in a liquor store, thinking it will make him a successful business man, therefore enabling him to use the money to help and support his family. This plan goes horribly wrong though causing him to lose a majority of the money, including Beneatha’s medical school fund. By the end of the play, they learn that the dream of a house is the most important dream because it unites the family.
The family constantly struggles socially and economically throughout the movie but come together in the end to realize their dream of buying a home for them all to share and strive in. Even though they all struggle individually to attain their dream, in the end they realize that buying the house will bring them together and help them overcome Mr Lindner’s racism. When they begin to put the family’s dream as a whole before their own, they are able to bring together their individual dreams, with the family as a whole’s dream of being able to move into a new home, ultimately helping to enable each of their individual wishes of success.