A Paradigm Shift

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A Paradigm Shift
Andy Santiago
ITT Technical Institute

GS 1140
Mr. Torregrasso
April 3, 2012
A Paradigm it is what we all see as a world view. Paradigm shift is defined as being a radical change in underlying beliefs of theory (Kuhn, 1922). What this means is we believe and rely on something our whole life, but then new science discoveries test our beliefs. A good example of this is the paradigm that separated the revealed truth of the Bible from scientific truth. In today’s world science has been our only means to determining truth. In the 16th Century Galileo Galilei, an Italian pioneer, was a very famous person in time that tried many theories we had believed about our very own planet Earth. Although, before Galileo made his discoveries about the universe there were many other beliefs. These are some of the pioneers and theories that made an epic paradigm shift through time. Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, had accepted the idea that there were four basic elements – earth, air, water, fire. Aristotle believed that heaven was perfect and it was unchanging. He put the Earth in the center of the universe and said that all these elements were under the moon, which was the closest celestial body. Aristotle envisioned the earth as the true center of all the circles or ‘orbs’ carrying the heavenly bodies around it and all motion as ‘uniform,’ that is, unchanging (Nicolaus Copernicus: Minor Works, 1985). Copernicus was the source of Galileo’s difficulties. Nicolaus Copernicus, a mathematician and astronomer, proposed that the sun was stationary in the center of the universe and the earth revolved around it. This went against all beliefs people had about Earth being the center of the universe. Galileo found his discoveries to be all incorrect. After many scientific observations of the moon he had proved Copernicus theories to be correct and supported his theory. To prove his theories he took the leaders to the tower of San Marcos. He used his telescope to show...
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