The fairies and the fairy realm have many responsibilities in this play. The most important of which is that they are the cause of much of the conflict and comedy within this story. They represent mischievousness and pleasantry which gives the play most of its emotion and feeling. They relate to humans because they make mistakes but differ in the fact that they do not understand the human world.
Robin is the most notable fairy in the play and is the servant of the fairy king, Oberon. Along with Oberon, Robin is the most comedic and protagonistic character in this play. He is responsible for the essential events that occur in the woods whether on purpose or just on accident. He recognizes himself as a protagonist. "Thou speakest aright. I am that merry wanderer of the night." He purposely turns Bottom into an ass just merely for his own enjoyment and to help Oberon receive the Indian boy. Oberon is Robin's driving force and reason for his actions. If Robin did not have the influence of Oberon and the orders from him he may not have been such a vital fairy in this play.
The fairy world shows us a lighter side of reality that today we do not see as often as we should. The fairy world is one of carefree enjoyment and fun times, unlike the human world which is wrought with death and destruction. The human world is one of horrible tragic events that occur all the time while in the fairy world one is known only to have a good time. The fairies are responsible for the comedic aspect of this play and without them it could not have been comedic. The fairies represent a realm of carefree and amazingly enjoyable freedom that the members of the human world want to have but cannot because of the structure and laws.
The fairies also show that their culture and society are not completely devoid of human qualities when Robin makes the mistake of placing the nectar on Lysander instead of Demetrius. The human actors in the play are a form of...