A History of Israel Since 1947

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When Britain let go of Israel and the surrounding areas it was 1947. However good it was that this country was now free, this caused the Arabs and the Jews to go to war over the area, recking havoc and destroying the land and people. Thus during the Arab-Israeli War, in 1948-1949, Israel was established as an independent state, and all the rest of the surrounding areas, which were previously controlled by the British, were split apart and henceforth controlled by Egypt and Transjordan. Later on, in 1956, Israel gained territory and managed to secure protection for their southern border due to the United Nations Emergency Force. In later years Israel invaded Lebanon, Israeli settlers moved into new territories, and they fought with the Palestinians.

During World War II, Britain had been given control of a few strategically planned ares by the United Nations General Assembly, one of these areas being Israel. On November 29, 1947, the British decided to renounce their control over it, and left it to figure itself out. When this happened though, total chaos ensued and war broke out. The first night of Israel’s independence, it was bombed at Tel Aviv by Egyptian bomber planes. On the night of May 15, 1948, the armies of Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq invaded. The Egyptians stated that they were merely entering Palestine to “establish law and order.” Somehow, Israel was able to make accords with Egypt, Lebanon, and Transjordan in 1949, ending with Israel occupying 70% of the Palestine and fifty percent more than what was originally allotted to them.

When Egypt saw that nothing could be done to take control, the Egyptians decided to close off the Israeli from all access to the sea. In 1949 they closed the Suez Canal to ships destined for Israel, and in September of 1955, Egypt was able to set up a blockade, after having brokered an arms deal with the U.S.S.R., on the Straits of Tiran. Just a month later Egypt and Syria joined forces.

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