This research paper focusses primarily on the history of and between Britain and Argentina and how their complicated history might have been the cause for the Falkland War. Different opinions exist on the catalyst of the war but all research agrees on the fact that the main cause was the domestic unrest in Argentina at the time. What complicated the matter and could also be seen as a cause of the war is the complicated history between the two countries. Politically they had their separate troubles but these troubles caused a very complicated economic relation in which Britain used its monopolistic position against Argentina to purchase less but get their imports cheaper. Britain however had to give in ground in other Latin American countries and Argentina was assured a certain amount of beef and grain exports. These economic conflicts of interest did cause underlying tension. On top of that research points out that over a long period Britain and Argentina were looking for a diplomatic approach to the conflict over the Falkland Islands but the supposed unwillingness of Britain to agree to Argentine terms put an even bigger strain on their relation. The war itself started on April 2 in 1982 and over 1,300 lives were lost but still it could be argued that both countries in the long run ended up better after the war then before.
A History between Britain and Argentina and how it may have resulted in the Falkland War
Reported under the headline, “Former President Leopoldi Galtieri is proud that he led Argentina into war with Britain over the Falkland Islands”, Galtieri is reported as having said to the court, “It was done and done well and I’m at peace with my conscience.” (“Former President”, 1988) Galtieri was released in 1989 after being granted a presidential pardon by President Carlos Memen, but he was still heavily blamed for the 1,300 lives that were lost in the 10-week Falkland war between Argentina and Britain (“Ex-dictator Released”, 1989). Why did Argentina invade the Falkland Islands in 1982? The main catalyst(s) are discussed in the work of Amy Oakes where she cites other historians on their opinions of the different causes. The different directions in which her research points do all come together in finding their cause in the domestic unrest in Argentina at the time. The complex relation between the countries is mostly due to there conflicted trading history and due to many attempts of finding a diplomatic solution to the Falkland conflict, without any results. This research paper focusses furthermore on the history between Britain and Argentina, as well as their political and economical situation separately before the Falkland war and how these situations might have led to the sudden escalation of the conflict.
It all started on 2 April 1982 when thousands of Argentine marines set foot on the Falkland Islands, governed up to that moment by Britain, to reclaim the group of Islands for the military “junta” in Buenos Aires. The invasion had met very little resistance on the Islands since only a small number of British troops was stationed there and shortly after the troops had set foot on “their” islands, the British government was informed that Rex Hunt, the Falkland’s governor, had surrendered and all British marines had been expelled from the islands (Jenkins, 2012). On 8 April, following his victory, Argentina’s president Leopoldo Galtieri stood on the balcony of the Casa Rosada in Buenos Aires to meet his people, visibly touched by the cheering masses outside. This in contrast to only a few days before when those crowds had been calling for his head, an end to the...