Introduction to Hajj
Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. The dictionary definition is that ‘The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year. It is also expected to be done at least once in a Muslims life.’ Although, this is correct there is more to it than just that, such as – Muslims are expected to complete Hajj once in their lifetime, ONLY if they have the financial backing in terms of money left over which could be saved up for Hajj. Not only that but a Muslim must be fit (physically & mentally) to be able to complete Hajj and those who are not have leniency towards this. This statement can be backed up by a paragraph in the Quran: “[2:196] You shall observe the complete rites of Hajj and` Umrah for GOD. If you are prevented, you shall send an offering, and do not resume cutting your hair until your offering has reached its destination. If you are ill, or suffering a head injury (and you must cut your hair), you shall expiate by fasting, or giving to charity, or some other form of worship. During the normal Hajj, if you break the state of Ihraam (sanctity) between `Umrah and Hajj, you shall expiate by offering an animal sacrifice. If you cannot afford it, you shall fast three days during Hajj and seven when you return home - this completes ten - provided you do not live at the Sacred Masjid. You shall observe GOD, and know that GOD is strict in enforcing retribution.” Kinds of Hajj
There 3 types of Hajj that can be completed by Muslims, these include: 1. Hajj al-Tamattu’
2. Hajj al-Ifrad
3. Hajj al-Qiran
Preparation of Hajj
To even complete Hajj one must prepare for it, mentally and physically. This is called the state of ‘Ihram.’ Before the state of Ihram, one must bathe her/himself. After, one must wear white clothing which is two pieces of white cloth. Once this has been completed they should recite the ‘Talbiyah’ to specify that they are intended to preform Hajj. Both symbolise...