A Guide on How to Wright a Reasearsh Paper

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  • Topic: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1997, First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC
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  • Published : March 6, 2013
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A Guide on How to write a research paper
1. Establish Your Topic
* Genuinely interests you.
* Read and think about what you'd like to do.
* Narrow it down to something more manageable (e.g.: Too general: Ancient Egypt. Revised: The building of the pyramids of Ancient Egypt. * Brainstorming to get ideas.

2. Identify the goal of the paper
* An argumentative research paper: argues for one point of view. The issue should be debatable with a logical counter argument. * An analytical research paper: offers a fresh look at an important issue to persuade audience that it is important.

3. Look for Sources of Information
*  Books, magazine articles, and internet articles.
* A research paper should use at least four sources.
* The academic credibility of a source could be considered. * Make note of page numbers, URLs, and quotable passages for citation.

4. Read Your Sources and Take Notes
* Use index cards to relate ideas from different sources. * Keep source information on the other side of the cards. * Use quotation marks for “copy/paste” to avoid PLAGIARISM. * Organize your note cards by subtopic to make an outline.

5. Write a First Draft
* Table of contents.
* Introduction (let the reader know what the topic is, inform the reader about your point of view, arouse the reader's curiosity to read more). * Body (Limit each paragraph to one main idea, prove your points continually by using specific examples and quotations, Use transition words to ensure a smooth flow of ideas from paragraph to the other). * Conclusion (Summarize your points, restate the main idea of the paper). * Bibliography (List of references used).

6. Revise the First Draft
* View your work objectively and see any gaps or problems. * Read your paper out loud.
* Proofread: Have somebody else read the paper and check for errors such as misspelled words and incorrect punctuation and capitalization.

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General Guide to Formatting a Bibliography
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For a book:
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Author (last name first). Title of the book. City: Publisher, Date of publication. -------------------------------------------------
EXAMPLE: 
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Dahl, Roald. The BFG. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1982.| -------------------------------------------------
For an encyclopedia:
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Encyclopedia Title, Edition Date. Volume Number, "Article Title," page numbers. -------------------------------------------------
EXAMPLE:
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The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1997. Volume 7, "Gorillas," pp. 50-51.| -------------------------------------------------
For a magazine:
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Author (last name first), "Article Title." Name of magazine. Volume number, (Date): page numbers. -------------------------------------------------
EXAMPLE:
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Jordan, Jennifer, "Filming at the Top of the World." Museum of Science Magazine. Volume 47, No. 1, (Winter 1998): p. 11.| -------------------------------------------------
For a newspaper:
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Author (last name first), "Article Title." Name of newspaper, city, state of publication. (date): edition if available, section, page number(s). -------------------------------------------------
EXAMPLE:
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Powers, Ann, "New Tune for the Material Girl." The New York Times, New York, NY. (3/1/98): Atlantic Region, Section 2, p. 34.| -------------------------------------------------
For a person:
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Full name (last name first). Occupation. Date of...
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