A Comparison Of Judaism, Islam, & Christianity
Religion has and always will be one of the major forces that drives and has constantly shaped our world. Throughout the centuries wars have been fought, laws have been created, countries and towns have been built and demolished all to protect or to make known a religion. In this paper I will examine the characteristics of the three major Western religions of the world including Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. The origin of all three religions will be covered as well as there view of God and several conflicts they have. Several beliefs such as judgment and the trinity will also be examined..
The origins of Judaism can be traced back to the stories of the Old Testament. These stories however cannot be proved by other historical facts (there are no records of the existence of the Hebrews until 1230BCE). (***) Through careful examination of the Old Testament we can conclude Abraham, the first patriarch of the Jews, lived between 1700-1900 BCE. The new nucleus of the religion are said to be formed by Abraham and his son Isaac and grandson Jacob. . These biblical figures, along with their wives, formed their new religion in Canaan. Jacob fathered twelve sons that became the leaders of the twelve tribes of Israel. Due to a great famine in Canaan these men moved along with their families to Goshen, located in Egypt. The great mass of Jews in Egypt was not good and after about four centuries the Israelites had become the slaves of the pharaohs. They built massive monuments that still stand today. The new leader of the Jews was Moses who leads the people out of Egypt. One of the defining moments in the Jewish faith is when God speaks to Moses and hands him the ten Commandments miraculously engraved in stone tablets. Following forty years the Jews built the first temple in the city of David after capturing Canaan.
Jesus Christ was born in the city of Bethlehem at the beginning of the Common Era. . Very little is known about his life until at the age of thirty when he began his ministry following his baptism by John the Baptist and the gathering of his twelve disciples. Jesus performed many miracles and healed many people who where sick or disabled as he spread the gospel. Jesus became disliked by the Jewish leaders and Pontius Pilate because of his radical beliefs. As a result he was crucified and after three days was resurrected, ascending to the heavens to sit on the right hand of God. Apostle Paul began to spread Christianity from 48 to 62 CE after being called upon by Christ through a vision. By 100 CE Paul’s missionary journey had spread the faith throughout the Mediterranean basin. Christianity became the official religion of Rome during the rule of Emperor Constantine. This is the Stepping stone that would later evolve into the Roman Catholic Church decades later. After the Fall of the Roman Empire in the West the western and eastern religions began to separate apart. In 1054 they excommunicated each other and it became permanent after western crusaders destroyed Constantinople in 1204 CE. A new branch of Christianity in Germany was cultivated in 1520 CE when Martin Luther expressed his doubts over the legitimacy of indulgences and papal infallibility.( ***) Excommunicated from the Catholic Church, Luther was responsible for the Protestant Reformation.
Muhammad received his revelation from the angel Gabriel in 1610Ce after the fortieth year of his life. His mission spent the next ten years in an uphill battle just trying to survive. The Persecution of Muslims in Mecca made the Hijrah from Mecca to Medina necessary in 622 CE. . By Consolidating his power in Medina, Muhammad was able to ward off attacks by Mecca and in 630 he made a triumphant return to Medina. “In 630 CE the prophet returned triumphant to Mecca with such a large band that the Meccans did not resist. The Ka’ Bah was purged of its idols and from that time to the present has been the center of...
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