This analysis explores the different types of tactics used by the police and judicial systems in various countries of the world. This paper is designed to examine and compare the police systems and governmental characteristics of the Canada, Mexico, and England. Each of these countries will be directly compared with that of the United States and its judicial systems. The central issue throughout the analysis will be how to balance the power within the judicial system as well as that of law enforcement. This analysis explores the development in the law of enforcement procedures in England, Canada, Mexico, and the United States.
Statement of the Problem
The propensity of criminals to cross national borders--to engage in "transnational crime"-- is certainly not a new phenomenon; it is probably as old as the borders themselves. Borders were established to delineate the jurisdiction claimed by each state, and crossing national borders has often provided criminals with a way to mitigate or avoid the consequences of illegal acts. Yet in spite of a long, eventful history, there is strong evidence that transnational crime has become more prevalent and serious today than ever before. Introduction
We live in a different world from that of our parents and grandparents, and many of the differences facilitate greater transnational crime. Consider, for example, the following five developments, all within the last twenty-five years: (1) Transportation systems have improved and expanded dramatically, particularly airline and automobile travel; international tourism and business travel are at record levels. (2) Communication systems have improved and expanded most notably satellite and fiber optic telephone and television transmission, FAX transmission, and computer information storage, processing, and transmission. (3) The breakup of the Soviet Union has reduced or eliminated many trade and travel restrictions between East and West, reduced the level of social control within and between many of the former Soviet Block countries, and made obsolete many countries' Cold War fears and policies. (4) World trade has expanded, including stronger participation by the economies of Eastern Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and the "Third World"; world economic interdependence is now a basic fact of life. (5) Perhaps most significant of all, the world's population has increased, resulting in more crowding, more areas of poverty, disease, and hunger, and large movements of people across national borders. The cumulative effect of these conditions is more people, more opportunities and possibly reasons for committing crime, and more effective movement of people and information across national borders--a perfect setup for increased transnational crime. It is no wonder that our newspapers now regularly report incidences of international terrorism, theft, smuggling, securities and currency violations, computer crimes, fleeing from justice, drug trafficking, and illegal immigration--just to name a few. Background
Police are government officers who enforce the law and maintain order regardless of location. They work to prevent crime and to protect the lives and property of the people of a community. There are many ways policemen and policewomen serve their communities. They patrol streets to guard against crime and to assist people with various problems. The police are often called to settle quarrels, find lost people, and aid accident victims. During floods, fires, and other disasters, they help provide shelter, transportation, and protection for victims.
The police form part of a nation's criminal justice system, which also includes courts and prisons. Police officers enforce criminal law, which covers murder, robbery, burglary, and other crimes that threaten society. They investigate such crimes and arrest suspected lawbreakers, using whatever they need to get the job done. They also testify in court trials.
Every nation in the world...