Mulching in agricultural provides a safe yet equally profitable method of enriching and fertilizing the soil planted with crops. Most often-used mulches are of organic composition, such as dry leaves and barks. These organic mulches pose no or little damage to the soil and crops.
This study deals with the effectiveness of dried papaya leaves as organic mulch for tomato. This study further aims to evaluate the results and compare it to the synthetic fertilizers. Picking the leaves of the papaya and some tomatoes did the preparation of the product. The main focus of the study is to produce organic mulch from natural materials in our country. It was concluded that papaya mulch significantly promoted height increase of tomato plants and inhibited the growth of weeds.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In our modern civilization, farmers are using chemical products such as fertilizers and pesticides to make our agriculture more productive. Fertilizers are chemical compounds applied to the soil to promote plant growth. Herbicides and pesticides are chemicals that are sprayed to the weeds and crops to prevent the growth of weeds and occurrence of pests. However, these products are very expensive, causing disease to an individual, may bring unnecessary things that may destroy the environment. To give solutions to these problems, researchers are trying to find out some alternative ways which are safe to an individual’s health, cheap and effective in promoting plant growth without affecting the environment. Mulching is one way to ease these problems. It is a method in which a layer of material is placed on the soil surface around the plant. In agriculture, it has proven to enrich the soil, help to provide better growing crops, prevent the growth of weeds and minimize pest infestation.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Some people who have used dried papaya leaves as organic mulch for tomato plants state that they have found it to be very useful. They say that it increases the height of their tomato plants as well as producing high quality fruit. Apparently this is due to papaya plants and tomato plants having the same pH soil preferences.
If dried Carica Papaya (papaya) leaves are used as organic mulch for Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) plants, then tomato plants will grow faster and healthier as compared to the use of synthetic fertilizers. SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
In the world today, most people are having a very hard time dealing with everyday life due to the global economic crisis. People have been very much affected with all of these problems thus evoking us to become more thrifty and resourceful people. Mulching, one of the simplest and most beneficial practices used in the garden, is done to enrich and fertilize the soil. Mulch is simply a protective layer of either organic or inorganic material that is spread on top of the soil. The mulch provides the soil with more nutrients and it also increases soil fertility. Dried papaya leaves is one of the most common plants in the Philippines with its leaves falling as the tree grows, as organic mulch would be more beneficial to tomato plants as compared to the use of synthetic fertilizers. For unlike synthetic fertilizers and herbicides, these organic mulches pose no or little damage to the soil and crops furthermore providing good rooting conditions and a supply of micronutrients. These organic mulches may enhance the growth of their crops, and therefore the farmers can earn more money. This research, quite possible could help the whole country by means of raising the economy if a scientific breakthrough is made. Through mulching, farmers could increase the condition of the soil and make plants healthier, papaya leaves as mulch, in general, may be able to be used not only on tomato...