A Closer Look on the Effects of Reading to the Vocabulary Range of Readers and Non-Readers

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Chapter 1
The Problem and Its Background

Background of the Study
From our childhood, people were taught by our teachers how to read. Reading is a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning. By reading, people are able to understand words, phrases, sentences and even a novel. But, people sometimes encounter an unfamiliar words. These words are called vocabulary words. Reading helps people improve their word range. Readers tend to search for the meaning of an unfamiliar word which improves their vocabulary. Readers are also able to widen their vocabulary when they use context clues. Readers have different vocabulary range. Most of the people have the impression that a bookworm have a wide range of vocabulary. But, in reality, not all ardent readers have a wide range of vocabulary. So, this study aims to know why these situations happen. This study also aims to determine why some people are not able to develop their vocabulary skills. And, this study aims to find ways of improving one’s vocabulary.

Statement of the Problem
The research tried to understand the effectiveness of reading books to reader’s vocabulary excellence.

Specifically, this study answered the following questions:
1)Do all ardent readers have a wide range of vocabulary?
2)Does vocabulary excellence solely lie in reading books?
3)What are the possible ways to expand one’s vocabulary skills besides reading? 4)How does small-range vocabulary books broaden one’s vocabulary? 5)How does reading affects readers with regards to their vocabulary skills? 6)What are some factors that hampers one’s vocabulary skills?

Significance of the Study
This research focused mainly on the effectiveness of reading books to the readers’ vocabulary range among the third and fourth year high school students of PCC. With this study, teachers will be able to device ways to make students’ reading more effective. Parents will be able to help their children in their reading. Also, students will be able to find their own techniques to make their reading more effective.

Scopes and Delimitation
This research covered the effectiveness of reading and suggested ways to improve reading skills. It answered the question why reading is not effective to all people. Also, it answered the question what are ways to widen a reader’s vocabulary range. This study excluded the questions of the students about the effectiveness of other media on the vocabulary range of a student. Also, this study excluded its focus on the effectiveness of the suggested ways to widen a person’s vocabulary.

Theoretical Framework
According to Throndike’s Law of Learning, the manner in which learnings are made is largely the result of a trial and error.(“Theory of Learning”, 1928, para. 1) This statement clearly states that learning comes from trial and error. People will not learn unless they try and commit mistakes. Another theory of Throndike is the Law of Exercise. (“Theory of Learning”, 1928, para. 6) He states that people learn by doing. people forget by not doing, although to a small extent only. With this theory, the team were able to determine if one’s vocabulary also came from trial and error. The team were also determine if this theory is true by giving student some tests to answer.

Hypotheses and Assumptions
The team believed that some ardent readers do not have a wide range of vocabulary. •The team also believed that vocabulary can be improved in other ways besides reading. •Other ways of improving one’s vocabulary skills were watching TV, listening to radio, and experience. •The group believed that giving entertainment is the key of small-range vocabulary books in improving a reader’s vocabulary •Reading affects one’s vocabulary when a reader encountered an unfamiliar word. A reader must seek for its meaning which improves his/her vocabulary. •Some factors that hampered one’s vocabulary skills were the reader’s...
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