A Case Study of Wind Energy in Botswana and South Africa.

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ASSIGNMENT 1: A CASE FOR WIND ENERGY IN BOTSWANA AND SOUTH AFRICA 2013
GEC 356: RENEWABLE ENERGY
ASSIGNMENT 1: A CASE FOR WIND ENERGY IN BOTSWANA AND SOUTH AFRICA 2013
GEC 356: RENEWABLE ENERGY

ORATILE MOKGATLA201003248
OAGILE KEREBOTSWE201004641
MPHO MMUTLE201004657
MOMPATI LESELE200802084

ORATILE MOKGATLA201003248
OAGILE KEREBOTSWE201004641
MPHO MMUTLE201004657
MOMPATI LESELE200802084

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION2
BOTSWANA3
WIND ENERGY PROSPECTS FOR BOTSWANA6
SOUTH AFRICA8
AN ATTRACTIVE FOUNDATION FOR WIND ENERGY IN SOUTH AFRICA9
WIND ENERGY CAN SOLVE PROBLEMS IN SOUTH AFRICA12
REDUCING POVERTY12
WIND ENERGY EXPORTS14
IMPROVEMENT OF INDUSTRIES15
PROBLEMS CAUSED BY WIND FARMS16
CONCLUSION18
Bibliography19

Figure 1: Electrification in Botswana5
Figure 2: Wind Speed Chart example in Maun6
Figure 3: Wind Speeds in Botswana7
Figure 4: Supply and Demand of Electricity by Eskom9
Figure 5: South Africa Wind Speed Chart11
Figure 6: South African Unemployment Rates13
Figure 7: Eskom Electricity exports14
Figure 8: Wind Turbine Mould for I-WEC South Africa15
Figure 9(i) Barotrauma in Bats16
Figure 10 Showing Bats Being Killed by Wind Turbines17

Table 1: Botswana Energy Consumption4
Table 2: Supply and Demand of Energy in Botswana4
Table 3: Total Energy Produced in Botswana4
Table 4: Total Energy Generated From Wing Farms9
Table 5: Wind Farms in South Africa9

INTRODUCTION

With the resources of fossil fuels running low and the great irreversible effect of greenhouse effect caused by the combustion of these fossil fuels, the need for cleaner cheaper alternative means to them has been on the rise. Renewable energies are the future of the world if we all wish to exist in harmony with the various ecosystems surrounding us. The emission of greenhouse gases has seen the demise of most of these ecosystems causing an imbalance in the habitats as a whole. Even though the effect cannot be reversed, slowing it down has become the main mandate of most if not all governments. Implementation of alternate energy generation plants helps curb such and avoid hefty charges imposed on all countries that emit high amounts of pollutants into the air that may deteriorate the situation further. This project shall explore the great depth of Wind Energy in Botswana and its sister neighbour South Africa.

BOTSWANA

Rural electrification has been the main concern of the Ministry of Energy over the past few years. Unfortunately the venture has seen a lot of funding seep through the project. According to, 70% of the population of Sub-Saharan Africa resides in the rural areas, but most of the modern is consumed in urban areas. Most of the energy used in rural areas is in the form of traditional biomass, which includes natural organic fuels such as firewood, charcoal, agricultural residues (Dibe) etc. The great dependency on these few resources coupled against the great numbers of their users has over long periods of time caused great shortages of these resources. Not only that but, hints that the great shortages of modern forms of electricity hinders development in such areas. Rural electrification and widespread independence of oneself in matters of electricity generation not only improves standard of living but also has a great positive effect on the economy of a country itself. Since initiating the Rural Electrification Programme in 1975 with assistance from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) other projects also were initiated over spans of years and in total to date For electricity Botswana imports most of its supply, form South Africa. Botswana currently has only one power generation plant, Morupule. But the small capacity of the power plant leaves her hungry for more electricity. This clearly shows the undeniable need for establishing alternate power generation stations. With the high risk factors of...
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