A Masters Project Presented to:
Dr. Teresita Perez
In partial fulfillment of the course requirements of
Raymond Lorenzo P. Arguelles
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A. Background of the Study2
B. Statement of the Problem4
C. Objectives of the Study5
D. Significance of the Study6
E. Scope and Limitations of the Study7
II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE8
A. Acquiring a copy of the Memorandum of Understanding On Mangrove Rehabilitation Project Implementation23 B. Implementation of the roles and responsibilities of UB in the Unlad Bakawan Project23 C. Ocular Inspection of the mangrove area in Brgy.Wawa, Batangas, Batangas25 D. Observation and Involvement in the Actual Cleanup and Reforestation Activities25 E. Interviews with Significant Personalities Involved in the Project 25 F. UB Self-Assessment Questionnaire26
IV. PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF DATA AND INFORMATION27
V. ANALYSIS OF DATA AND RESULTS37
VI. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION42
The research paper is a case study about University of Batangas (UB), a private university's involvement in mangrove rehabilitation projects. The paper discusses the importance of mangrove forests as a natural resource as well as the reasons of the University for becoming involved in mangrove rehabilitation projects. The subject of the case study is the Unlad Bakawan project, a mangrove rehabilitation project in Brgy. Wawa, Batangas, Batangas, undertaken by a multi-sectoral group including the local government, the baranggay, the community and an environmental organization, the Batangas Coastal Resources Management Foundation Inc. (BCRMF) in which UB is a member. The researcher would want to determine how a private university with limited resources can contribute to the sustainability of the mangrove rehabilitation project. The researcher used methods such as acquiring documents, and conducting interviews to gather data. The findings reveal that University of Batangas can contribute to the sustainability of the mangrove rehabilitation project through doing well on its assigned roles and responsibilities that were stated in the Memorandum of Understanding, participating in a multi-sectoral effort to reforest the area, and planning its future use, as well as UB's future participation.
A. Background of the Study
Mangroves are coastal trees or shrubs that have characteristic features that allow them to live in estuarine or saline conditions in marine waters. The most common mangroves in the Philippines are Rhizophora, Avicennia, Bruguiera, Sonneratia and Nypa. Mangroves have many known benefits: environmental, ecological, economic, and source of food products. There has been a steady decline of primary mangrove forests, even secondary forest. This decline continues at an alarming rate. The major causes of mangrove loss in the Philippines are logging and fishpond conversion. Continuous deforestation of mangrove forests would have serious negative implications. The loss of mangrove forests lead to negative impacts such as loss of protection from strong tidal waves during storms, siltation, extinction of valuable species, loss of livelihood, and a threat to food security. Those who would mostly be affected by the negative impacts are the coastal communities that usually are marginalized sectors of the society.
Only recently have mangrove protection and reforestation efforts have been given attention. Different institutions from all over the country are involved in conservation and protection of the remaining mangrove forests, as well as reforestation of the disturbed mangrove...