A Brief Summary of the Mughal Emperors

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Zahir ud-din Muhammad Babur (23 February 1483 — 5 January 1530) was a Muslim conqueror from Central Asia who, following a series of setbacks, finally succeeded in laying the basis for the Mughal dynasty of South Asia. He was a direct descendant of Timur through his father and a descendant also of Genghis Khan through his mother. He defeated the last ruler of The Delhi Sultanate, Sultan Ibrahim, and set up a new dynasty, The Mughal Dynasty. His tomb is the Babri Mosque. He had 10 wives, one of whom was Mahum Begum, the mother of Humayun.

He was buried in Bagh-e-Babur in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun (7 March 1508- 22 February 1556) was the second Mughal Emperor who ruled present day Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530–1540 and again from 1555–1556. Like his father, Babur, he lost his kingdom early, but with Persian aid, he eventually regained an even larger one. On the eve of his death in 1556, the Mughal Empire spanned almost one million square kilometers. Humayun’s greatest architectural creation was the Din-Panah (Refuge of Religion) citadel, also known as Purana Qila at Delhi. He had seven wives, the first one was Hamida Banu Begum (1527–1604), the mother of Akbar and she built the tomb of Humayun at Delhi after Akbar’s death.

Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar, also known as Shahanshah Akbar-e-Azam or Akbar the Great (15 October 1542 – 27 October 1605), was the third Mughal Emperor. He was the son of Humayun. At the end of his reign in 1605 the Mughal Empire covered most of the northern and central India and was one of the most powerful empires of its age. Akbar was fourteen years old when he ascended the Mughal throne in Delhi (February 1556), following the death of his father Humayun. During his reign, he eliminated military threats from the powerful Pashtun descendants of Sher Shah Suri. The...
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