A Brief Stylistic Analysis on “The Great Gatsby”
Abstract: The Great Gatsby is regarded as one of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s masterpieces. The Great Gatsby is a highly symbolic meditation on 1920s American as a whole, in particular the disintegration of the American Idealism in an era of unprecedented prosperity and material excess. This paper concentrates on the delusions of American dream which is conveyed in this novel, and also attempts to analyze the characteristics of writing devices employed in this novel from the aspects of stylistics. Key words: F. Scott Fitzgerald linguistic presentation metaphor simile 1. Introduction
1.1 A brief account of the author
Scott Fitzgerald was born at the family home on Laurel Avenue in St. Paul, Minnesota, on September 24, 1896. F. Scott Fitzgerald holds the franchise. A glittering success as a writer when he was just twenty-four, but Fitzgerald died still a young man, at forty-four. Fitzgerald's parents were Roman Catholic, and he was raised in the church and sent to a Catholic boys' school on the East Coast before attending college. As a boy, Fitzgerald was anxious to be a popular socialite. His youthful flirtations with St. Paul girls, the parties he attended, and the private prep school he was finally sent East to attend are the stuff on which his early stories “Basil and Josephine” and “The Rich Boy” are founded. One of his very finest short stories, “Winter Dreams,” encompasses a more realistic look at his yearning distance from the country-club, upper-class world, a world to which his mother's family had given him entrance, but of which he never felt comfortably part. He wrote several plays when a young teenager, and staged them with classmates and friends at home in St. Paul. From 1911 to 1913, at the catholic preparatory Newman School in New Jersey, Fitzgerald saw his work published in the school magazine and participated in theatricals. It was at Newman that Fitzgerald met Monsignor Francis Fay, the dedicatee of This Side of Paradise as well as the model for Monsignor Darcy in that novel. Msgr. Fay encouraged the bright young man to enter the priesthood, but Fitzgerald was never more than briefly interested. Fitzgerald was one of the best known American authors of the 1920s and '30s and is closely associated with the optimism and excesses of that era's "Jazz Age." Fitzgerald's stories often featured people like himself: middle-American types infatuated with the wealth and status of upper-crust society. In the mid-1920s he lived in Paris where he was friends with Ernest Hemingway and other literary expatriates. Fitzgerald was a popular celebrity of the day and he and his wife, Zelda, became famous for their extravagant lifestyle, drinking bouts and (eventually) erratic behavior. His major published novels include This Side of Paradise (1920), The Great Gatsby (1925), and Tender Is the Night (1934). 1.2 A brief account of the story
Gatsby is American Everyman. His extraordinary energy and wealth make him pursue the dream. His death in the end points at the truth about the withering of the American Dream. The spiritual and moral sterility that has resulted from the withered American Dream is fully revealed in the article. However, although he is defeated, the dream has gave Gatsby a dignity and a set of qualities. His hope and belief in the promise of future makes him the embodiment of the values of the incorruptible American Dream . 1.3 The major theme of the story
The Great Gatsby by Scott Fitzgerald embodies may themes, however the most salient one relates to the corruption of the American Dream. The American Dream is that each person no matter who he or she is can become successful in life by his or her own hard work. The dream also embodies the idea of a self-sufficient man, an entrepreneur making it successful for himself. The Great Gatsby is about what happened to the American dream in the 1920s, a time period when the dream had been...