A Brief History of the Song Hallelujah Composed by George Frederic Handel

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Chao Yao
Music 1100-005
Messiah--Hallelujah: This music was composed by George Frederic Handel in 1741, and the scriptural text was compiled by Charles Jenney in English. Handel (1685-1759) was one of the music giants in the Baroque time. He mainly lived in England and was famous for his compositions of Italian operas, especially for oratorios. Messiah was his sixth work of oratorio. Although its structure resembles that of conventional opera, it is not in dramatic form; there are no impersonations of characters and very little direct speech. Instead, Jennens's text is an extended reflection on Jesus Christ as Messiah, moving from the prophetic phrases of Isaiah and others, through the Incarnation, Passion and Resurrection of Christ to his ultimate glorification in heaven. Hallelujah is the chorus closing the Scene 7, in the brilliant key of D major with trumpets and timpani. This chorus is often performed out of context, especially around Christmas. People like this chorus and will stand to listen to this chorus. Johann Sebastian Bach(1685–1750)-- Brandenburg Concerto: Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist, and violinist of the Baroque Period. He is called the “Father of Music”. He enriched many established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organization, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Many of Bach's works are still known today, and his music is revered for its intellectual depth, technical command, and artistic beauty. One of his great works is Brandenburg Concerto: The Brandenburg concerto was composed by Johann Sebastian Bach. It is a collection of six instrumental works and is widely regarded as one of the finest musical compositions of the Baroque era. We listen to the No.5 in D major. It has three movements: allegro, affettuoso, and allegro. And three musical instruments are used: harpsichord, violin and flute....
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