A Brief Analysis of Difference Between Chinese and American Non-Verbal Communication from Body Language Perspective

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Abstract

Nowadays, people have more opportunities to communicate with each other from different cultures since the rapid development of globalization. Because of the language obstacle, people rely more on non-verbal communication in intercultural communication. So, the purpose of this paper is to arouse reader's awareness of the cultural differences in nonverbal communication so as to open a window for Chinese people to improve Chinese and American non-verbal communication competent. Since the range of non-verbal communication is too wide, this paper will start with body language. By comparing and analyzing the same behaviors, different meanings and same meanings and different behaviors, this paper finds out the roots of the difference between Chinese and American non-verbal communication. In this way, this paper shows how frequent the use of non-verbal communication it is and give the advice that to understand the difference between Chinese and American non-verbal communication should be based on the roots of the two societies. Followed the footsteps of the previous studies with speculation of present research, this paper concludes that body language is the most popular style of non-verbal communication in intercultural communication. Further more, facial expression is used constantly among body language.

Key words: non-verbal communication; body language; intercultural communication

3.1.2 The Classification of Non-verbal Communication

There are four categories belonging to non-verbal communication. The first is body language which is the most constant style of non-verbal communication. Body language includes gesture such as palm up, eye contact, facial expression (smile, frown) and posture. The second is space language which includes territoriality, personal space (how far a distant to keep between other people) and seating arrangement. The third is paralanguage, including science, turn-talking and non-verbal sound. The last...
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