The civil disobedience
Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) was a philosopher and writer best known for his attacks on American social institution and his respect for nature and simple living. He was so much influenced by Ralph Waldo Emerson. He was opposed to the practice of slavery in some of the territories involved. It is said that "a night in the jail is what prompted Thoreau to write the civil disobedience. In this essay he shows his complete refusal for the slavery life after the war.
The theme :The right of resistance Thoreau affirms the absolute right of individuals to withdraw their support from a government whose policies are immoral or unjust. He takes issue with the brand of moral philosophy that weighs the possible consequences of civil disobedience against the seriousness of the injustice. The methods of resistance Thoreau condones in his essay are pacifist and rely principally on economic pressure: for example, withholding taxes in-order to drain the state of its resources and hence its ability to continue its unjust policies. The ultimate goal of civil disobedience is not to undermine democracy but to reinforce its core values of liberty and respect for individual. The content of civil disobedience I heartily accept the motto, "That government is best which governs least" and I should like to see it acted up to more rapidly and systematically carried out, it finally amounts to this, which also I believe-that government is best which governs not at all, and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have. In the beginning he says that the best government is the one that does not have over control upon the nation He never trusts the government because it does whatever it wants and it is full of corruption and the bad treatment for...
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