February 05, 2013
Zigler vs. Gardner
The late 1960’s seemed to be the end of one decade and the beginning of a new one; the country was heading into a new direction of politics, still fighting a war in Vietnam, and realizing our education system needs some new rebuilding. In 1969, a very famous singer Frank Sinatra released a song titled “My Way”, which was about the meaning of how a man’s existence leads him down a path of integrity before he expired and felt his life achieved the goals he was meant to have and behold. When I read the assignment Giving Credit where credit is Due, I have to identify two psychologists and briefly describe their main contributions to their field. One of the psychologists that I have to write about is Howard Garner (Gardner 2003) whose main contribution to the field of Intelligence research development and multiple intelligent theories.
Gardner was interested in the social sciences and in 1972 was a founding member of Harvard Project Zero, when he joined project zero as a co-director in that same year. Gardner started a collaborated study on the artistic capacities in children, style sensitivity, and comprehension and understanding of metaphor (Gardner, 1980, 1982). The title of Gardner’s “My Way” made me think of Frank Sinatra in the sense that he and Gardner did things their way in their life time. Gardner wrote books that affected his identity in psychology. After reading “My Way”, Gardner felt his most important work and contribution to society was his 20 year extensive research in Neuropsychology studying the right hemisphere of the brain (Gardner 1975). While doing this research on this topic, Gardner was able to write some 60 empirical articles, even on cognitive neuroscience. (e.g., Gardner, Brownell, Wapner & Michelow, 1983).
Again, only in the 1960’s were government grants available to him to extend his research and prior to this there was no...