humanity’s ability to create larger than life monuments, leaving a lasting legacy of their
cultures. However, if one studies both of these mysterious monuments and their
history, you will find that they contrast in two fundamental ways. The Ziggurats of
Mesopotamia were product Sumerian dedication to the worship of their gods and
goddesses; while the Great Pyramids were built as magnificent tombs by the Egyptians,
whose culture and religion was centered around the human afterlife and spiritual
Historically, Sumerian culture had a population skilled in metal-working and writing in
cuneiform script. These two notable contributions were first achieved by Sumerian
scholars and craftsmen. Their Ziggurats, of course, are the most memorable
achievement of their time in the history of humanity. Built of mud bricks and elaborately
decorated on both the inside and out, these impressive structures were interestingly
pyramidal. Sumerian’s preference for cylindrical forms was not reflected in the stepped
and stacked geometrical style of the ziggurats. Cut with elaborate stairways and angled
ramps, the Sumerians built temples at their apex so it would function as an “offering
table” to their deities. Ziggurats also functioned as glorification monuments to the
Sumerian gods for the wealth of the city and its rulers. Sumerians held a high regard for
religious ceremony and rituals to both appease and connect with their deities, and their
Ziggurats reflected their dedication to creating a magnificent place to worship.
The Egyptian culture that left behind the Great Pyramids had a very different purpose in
mind when erecting the 450 feet tall pyramid of the Egyptian King Khufu. The limestone
and granite pyramids reflected Egyptian preference for strong rectilinear lines and block
like shapes had humble beginnings as a... [continues]
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