Zeus and Western Monotheistic Religion
Upon even slight study of the ruler god of ancient Greek religion, Zeus, and of the god conceived by Abrahamic religions, one would surely find striking similarities. These similarities are considered by many to be the proofs of the existence of ancient Greek theological ideology in modern western religion. Initially, this may not seem to be a viable conclusion on behalf of the polytheism of the ancient Greek religion compared to the strict monotheism of all Abrahamic religions, but further investigation brings forth certain evidences that are less confounding. Most notably, Zeus and the western God are both regarded as the king of heaven and of earth and, by virtue of this power, are just rulers of men and nature. The difference here is that Zeus, unlike the western God, does not necessarily dictate the actions of men nor of nature, but responds to them with his sovereign power. This is because the Greeks held that men, nature, and even the gods (including Zeus) were subject to the will of the Fates. The western God most commonly is believed to bring forth the future and has absolute control over occurrences and human decision, but this does not necessarily deprive humans of free will in decision. Also, the western God, according to two of the conglomerate Abrahamic religions, and Zeus are fathers of human offspring. In Christian and Islamic doctrine, an Israelite woman named Mary conceived God’s child through divine intervention, who only Christians believe was God himself embodied as a human. Zeus, in contrast, fathered many different children, most of which were mortals birthed by mortal women, all of which Zeus impregnated physically. Lastly, the western God shares something with Zeus that is almost undeniably derived: his appearance and his residence. Although there are not any officially accepted images of the western God, there exists to be an obvious precedent of God depicted as an older man with a...
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