Topics: Zambales, Luzon, Mount Pinatubo Pages: 13 (4011 words) Published: April 12, 2013
Zambales is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is Iba. Zambales borders Pangasinan to the north, Tarlac and Pampanga to the east, Bataan to the south and the South China Sea to the west. With a land area of 3,830.83 km2, Zambales is the second largest among the seven provinces of Central Luzon. The province is noted for its mangoes, which are abundant from January to April. Zambales is served by the Subic Bay International Airport, which is located in Cubi Point in the Subic Bay Freeport Zone. The Freeport Zone is host to many tourist attractions which include casinos, beach resorts, parks, beachside huts and cottages and historical sites. -------------------------------------------------

Zambales lies on the western shores of Luzon island along the South China Sea. Its shoreline is very ragged, and features many coves and inlets. The Zambales Mountains, the mountain range on the eastern part of the province occupies about 60% of its total land area. Subic Bay, in the southern end of the province, provides a natural harbor, and was chosen as the location of the U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay. The peak ofMount Pinatubo lies near the tripoint of Zambales, Pampanga, and Tarlac provinces.[3] This volcano, once considered dormant, erupted violently in 1991 blowing off its summit, leaving a caldera (now filled with Lake Pinatubo), on the mountains of Botolan, Zambales. A vast portion of the province acquired desert-like features after being buried by more than 20 feet (6.1 m) deep of lahar. [edit]Climate

Zambales has two pronounced seasons: dry from October to June, and wet from July to September. [edit]Subdivisions
Zambales is subdivided into 13 municipalities and 1 city. Olongapo City is a highly urbanized city and administers itself autonomously from the province. Panatag Shoal (Scarborough Shoal) a Philippine-claimed EEZ, is a designated part of the province. * Subic

* Castillejos
* San Marcelino
* San Antonio
* San Narciso
* San Felipe
* Cabangan
* Botolan
* Iba
* Palauig
* Masinloc
* Candelaria
* Santa Cruz
The area now occupied by Zambales was first explored by the Spanish in 1572, led by Juan de Salcedo. Among the earliest towns founded were Subic (1572), Botolan (1572), Masinloc (1607), Iba (1611), and Santa Cruz (1612).[4] Masinloc became the province's first capital. However, the capital was moved among the last three towns above during its history before settling in Iba, due to its strategic location. The first civil governor of Zambales during the American era was the Honorable Potenciano Lesaca from 1901-1903. The province's name came from the word zambal, which is a Hispanized term for Sambali. Zambal refers to the language spoken by the earlyAustronesian inhabitants of the place. A contending version states that the name was derived from the word samba, meaning worship, because the Spanish supposedly found the native inhabitants to be highly superstitious; worshiping the spirits of their ancestors. Zambales Day is celebrated every August 30.

Population census of Zambales|
Year| Pop.  | ±% p.a.  |
1990| 369,665| —    |
1995| 389,512| 1.05%|
2000| 433,542| 2.14%|
2007| 493,085| 1.84%|
2010| 534,443| 2.68%|
Excluding Olongapo City
Source: National Statistics Office [2]|
See also: Aeta, Sambal people, Tagalog people, Ilocano people, and Kapampangan people The Aetas of Mount Pinatubo were the earliest inhabitants of what is now the province of Zambales. They were later displaced by the Sambal, anAustronesian people after whom the province is named. Many Sambal still believe in superstitions and mysteries that have been handed down through the generations. The Sambal, the Tagalogs, the Ilocanos, and the Kapampangans today...
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