The Balkans, a region between the Mediterranean and Black sea was and is inhabited by many nations with various religions. This fact resulted often in unrests. To make peace in this area, it was necessary to unite the nations and to place a strong personality on the head. The Second World War helped by a considerable measure to the choice of such a personality.
I would like to concentrate my attention to the West Balkans where Yugoslavia might be an excellent example. It is a former federation of mainly Slavonic states in South- East Europe. The country was formed as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes after the First World War. It comprised Serbia, Montenegro, and the former South Slavonic provinces of the Austro-Hungarian empire and assumed the name of Yugoslavia in 1929. Its capital was Belgrade. Invaded by the Axis Powers during the Second World War, Yugoslavia emerged from a long guerilla war as a Communist federal republic. Under the postwar leadership of Marshal Tito, in 1948 Yugoslavia refused to accept Soviet domination and pursued a policy of a non-alignment.
Who was this man? Josip Broz Tito was born on 7th May, 1892 in a Croatian village of Kumrovec near Zagreb. As a young man he took part in the fights of the Austro-Hungarian army and was captured by the Russians in 1915. He fought with the Bolsheviks in the Russian Revolution and became an active Communist organizer on returning to his country in 1920. He joined the illegal Communist party. In the period of worldwide economic crisis the Communists strengthened their position among the people. When the situation was stabilized, he was invited to Moscow, to the seat of the Communist International where he had worked in the bodies of the Communist International. After return to Yugoslavia in 1937, he became the Communist party leader. After Yugoslavia was occupied by the fascist Germany, the national-liberation fight has started. On 12th July, 1941 Tito declared the national uprising. All...
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