Youth unemployment in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan - one of the fast developing countries in the world where young people must become a major demographic in the workforce. It is difficult to assume that the «next generation» can be considered as a self-sufficient group of people in the state. According to the research of statistical organizations about a half of the world’s population under the age of twenty four is unemployed. Recently, in Kazakhstan, it has become a tendency that most young people are employed by their own parents as participants in a family business or are financially supported by them. It can be explained by the fact that young specialists are not in demand in the labor market. The main reason for that is the youth’s lack of work experience. Three years of work experience is the minimum requirement and the common condition of approximately all companies and factories where the salary meets the youth’s needs. As a result, employers prefer to have workers with work experience and who are more social stable. Every forth young man with or without the certificate of higher education is unemployed in Kazakhstan. There are reasons for youth unemployment in Kazakhstan. It has arisen not due to demographic factors as in some developing countries and not as a result of overproduction as in the developed countries and not even as the result of competition on the labor market with more qualified senior generation that sometimes takes place in modern Kazakhstan. The main reason for youth unemployment is inefficient social and economic policy. As one of the positive changes in social sphere of youth as the economic resource it is necessary to carry occurrence of groups of b who involve young people in their business sector. In order to change this situation: we first need to continue working on special programs in which vocational training and work are alternated in order to assist young people to find their first permanent job. Nowadays, there are a number...
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