Youth Policy of Kazakhstan

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It is 8 o’clock in the morning. The alarm clock rings and everybody in the house wakes up. Kids get ready for school, adults go to work. Only Almas is not in a hurry, it has been six months since he graduated from university and cannot find a job that suits him. While studying at university everything seemed so easy: “Graduate, find a good job, become rich”. However, in reality, getting a job came out to be not as easy as he expected. Youth unemployment is one of the problems in the world nowadays. The percentage of unemployed young people in Kazakhstan is equal to 28.6% (“Обсуждение проблемы безработицы”, 2006). This means that the big portion of youth cannot find proper jobs. It is a recognized fact that unemployment is one of the dynamics through which the social condition of a country can be defined. First of all, how can “youth” be defined? Youth is considered as either a phase of life or as a social category. The phase of life refers to youth being the period between childhood and adulthood. In this report I will consider young people at the age of 20 to 24. Secondly, what is considered as “unemployment”? According to Investopedia (2012), unemployment is “when a person who is actively searching for employment is unable to find work”. According to the United Nations Economic Committee for Europe (UNECE, 2011), youth unemployment was one of the drivers of the worldwide financial crisis in 2008. Thus, a governmental youth policy is one of the main policy directions in which a lot of countries all over the world are trying to improve nowadays. The Republic of Kazakhstan is also in the list of these states. The attitude of the Kazakhstani government to young people is seen in the law “About governmental youth policy” №581 from 7th of July 2004 (Kazahstanskaya Pravda, 2004). This law points out that youth are the future of the republic and this law is created to reduce the number of unemployed youth. According to the Agency...
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