Youth in Nation Building

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The Story of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Ibn Kathir

| | |Muhammad (pbuh) was born in Mecca ( Makkah), Arabia, on Monday, 12 Rabi' Al-Awal (2 August A.D. 570). His mother, Aminah, was the| |daughter of Wahb Ibn Abdu Manaf of the Zahrah family. His father, 'Abdullah, was the son of Abdul Muttalib. His genealogy has | |been traced to the noble house of Ishmael, the son of Prophet Abraham in about the fortieth descend. Muhammad's father died | |before his birth. | |Before he was six years old his mother died, and the doubly orphaned Muhammad was put under the charge of his grandfather Abdul | |Muttalib who took the most tender care of him. But the old chief died two years afterwards. On his deathbed he confided to his | |son Abu Talib the charge of the little orphan. | |When Muhammad was twelve years old, he accompanied his uncle Abu Talib on a mercantile journey to Syria, and they proceeded as | |far as Busra. The journey lasted for some months. It was at Busra that the Christian monk Bahira met Muhammad. He is related to | |have said to Abu Talib: 'Return with this boy and guard him against the hatred of the Jews, for a great career awaits your | |nephew." | |After this journey, the youth of Muhammad seems to have been passed uneventfully, but all authorities agree in ascribing to him | |such correctness of manners and purity of morals as were rare among the people of Mecca. The fair character and the honorable | |bearing of the unobtrusive youth won the approbation of the citizens of Mecca, and b y common consent he received the title of | |"Al Ameen," The Faithful. | |In his early years, Muhammad was not free from the cares of life. He had to watch the flocks of his uncle, who, like the rest of | |the Bani Hashim, had lost the greater part of his wealth. | |From youth to manhood he led an almost solitary life. The lawlessness rife among the Meccans, the sudden outbursts of causeless | |and bloody quarrels among the tribes frequenting the Fair of Okadh (The Arabian Olympia), and the immorality and skepticism of | |the Quraish, naturally caused feelings of pity and sorrow in the heart of the sensitive youth. Such scenes of social misery and | |religious degradation were characteristic of a depraved age. | |When Muhammad was twenty five years old, he traveled once more to Syria as a factor of a noble and rich Quraishi widow named | |Khadijah; and, having proved himself faithful in the commercial interests of that lady, he was soon rewarded with her hand in | |marriage. This marriage proved fortunate and singularly happy. Khadijah was much the senior of her husband, but in spite of the | |disparity of age between them, the most tender devotion on both sides existed. This marriage gave him the loving heart of a woman| |who was ever ready to console him in his despair and to keep alive within him the feeble, flickering flame of hope when no man | |believed in him and the world appeared gloomy in his eyes. | |Until he reached thirty years of age, Muhammad was almost a stranger to the outside world. Since the death of his grandfather, | |authority in Mecca was divided among the ten senators who constituted the governing body of the Arabian...
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